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Professor Brian Francis

Professor of Social Statistics

  1. Published

    The development of anticipation in the fetus: a longitudinal account of human fetal mouth movements in reaction to and anticipation of touch

    Reissland, N., Francis, B., Aydin, E., Mason, J. & Schaal, B., 07/2014, In: Developmental Psychobiology. 56, 5, p. 955-963 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  2. Published

    The Fetal Observable Movement System (FOMS)

    Reissland, N., Francis, B. J. & Buttanshaw, L., 6/04/2016, Fetal development: research on brain and behavior, environmental influences and emerging technologies. Reissland, N. & Kisilevsky, B. (eds.). New York: Springer International Publishing, p. 153-175 23 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

  3. Published

    The geography of survival from colo-rectal cancer.

    Kim, Y-E., Gatrell, A. C. & Francis, B. J., 04/2000, In: Social Science and Medicine. 50, 7-8, p. 1099-1107 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  4. Published

    The GLIM System: Release 4 Manual

    Francis, B., Green, M. & Payne, C., 1993, Oxford: Clarendon Press. 840 p.

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

  5. Published

    The impact of peatland drain-blocking on dissolved organic carbon loss and discolouration of water : results from a national survey.

    Armstrong, A., Holden, J., Kay, P., Francis, B., Foulger, M., Gledhill, S., McDonald, A. & Walker, A., 5/02/2010, In: Journal of Hydrology. 381, 1-2, p. 112-120 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  6. Published

    The importance of co-convictions in the prediction of dangerous recidivism: blackmail and kidnapping as a demonstration study

    Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Liu, J., 02/2010, In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 10, 1, p. 23-36 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  7. Published

    The Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre CETL: building trust and statistical skills across disciplines

    Francis, B., Abram, B. & Peelo, M., 2007, CETL-MSOR Conference 2006 Loughborough University 11th – 12th September Conference Proceedings. Green, D. (ed.). Birmingham, UK: The Maths, Stats & OR Network

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  8. Published

    The long term recidivism risk of young sexual offenders in England and Wales - enduring risk or redemption?

    Hargreaves, C. & Francis, B., 03/2014, In: Journal of Criminal Justice. 42, 2, p. 164-172 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  9. Published

    The odds in favour of the genitive: a study of gradience in English

    Leech, G., Francis, B. & Xu, X., 1997, The Locus of meaning: papers in honour of Yoshihiko Ikeganu. Yamanaka, K. & Ohori, T. (eds.). Tokyo: Kuroshi

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  10. Published

    The persistent offenders debate: a focus on temporal changes.

    Soothill, K. L., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. J., 1/11/2003, In: Criminal Justice. 3, 4, p. 389-412 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  11. Published

    The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes? Full Report

    Francis, B. & Crosland, P., 2002, London: Home Office. 92 p. (Home Office Online Report; vol. 04/02)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  12. Published

    The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes?

    Francis, B., Crosland, P. & Harman, J., 2002, Home Office. 4 p. (Home Office Research Findings; no. 170)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  13. Published

    The psychosocial needs in cancer: a patient survey.

    McIllmurray, M., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J., 10/2000, Proceedings of the 25th ESMO congress. Hamburg

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

  14. Published

    The psychosocial needs of cancer patients : findings from an observational study.

    McIllmurray, M. B., Thomas, C., Francis, B. J., Morris, S., Soothill, K. L. & Al-Hamad, A., 12/2001, In: European Journal of Cancer Care. 10, 4, p. 261-269 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  15. Published

    The psychosocial needs of cancer patients and their main carers.

    Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Harman, J. C., 2001, Lancaster : University of Lancaster.

    Research output: Other contribution

  16. Published

    The psychosocial needs of cancer patients and their main carers.

    Thomas, C., Morris, S. M., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Ledwith, F., Francis, B. J. & Al-Hamad, A., 09/1999, Proceedings of the Lancaster University industry conference. Lancaster: University of Lancaster

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

  17. Published

    The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress

    Reissland, N. & Francis, B., 12/2010, In: Early Human Development. 86, 12, p. 813-816 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  18. Published

    The reporting trajectories of top homicide cases in the media: a case study of The Times.

    Soothill, K., Peelo, M. T., Pearson, J. & Francis, B., 01/2004, In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 43, 1, p. 1-14 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  19. Published

    The research performance of UK universities: a statistical analysis of the results of the 1989 research Selectivity Exercise

    Johnes, J., Taylor, J. & Francis, B., 1993, In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A Statistics in Society. 156, 2, p. 271-286 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  20. Published

    The responses of Briza media and Koeleria manrantha to drought and re-watering.

    Milnes, K. J., Davies, W. J., Rodwell, J. S. & Francis, B. J., 08/1998, In: Functional Ecology. 12, 4, p. 665-672 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  21. Published

    The significant unmet needs of cancer patients: probing psychosocial concerns.

    Soothill, K. L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Francis, B. J., Thomas, C. & McIllmurray, M. B., 11/2001, In: Supportive Care in Cancer. 9, 8, p. 597-605 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  22. Published

    The size-brightness correspondence: evidence for crosstalk among aligned conceptual feature dimensions

    Walker, P., Walker, L. & Francis, B., 11/2015, In: Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics. 77, 8, p. 2694-2710 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  23. Published

    The standard spending assessment as a measure of spending needs in a non-metropolitan district.

    Flowerdew, R., Francis, B. J. & Lucas, S., 1994, In: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy. 12, 1, p. 1-13 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  24. Published

    The taxonomic status of Tilia Dasystyla in Crimea, Ukraine.

    Pigott, C. D. & Francis, B. J., 1999, In: Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 56, 2, p. 161-174 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  25. Published

    The universal, situational, and personal needs of cancer patients and their main carers.

    Soothill, K. L., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C., Harman, J. C., Francis, B. & McIllmurray, M. B., 2003, In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing. 7, 1, p. 5-13 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  26. Published

    The use of computer corpora in the textual demonstrability of gradience in linguistic categories.

    Leech, G., Francis, B. & Xu, X., 1994, Continuity in Linguistic Semantics. Fuchs, C. & Victorri, B. (eds.). John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 57-76 20 p. (Lingvisticæ Investigationes Supplementa; vol. 19).

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  27. Published

    The use of computerised records in a university student counselling service

    Corless, C., Francis, B. & Rogers, R., 1984, In: Counselling : the Journal of the British Association for Counselling. 49, p. 7-12 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  28. Published

    The use of visualisation in the examination of categorical event histories.

    Francis, B., Fuller, M. & Pritchard, J., 1998, Visualisation of Categorical Data. Blasius, J. & Greenacre, M. (eds.). New York: Academic Press

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  29. Published

    The use of visualisation in the examination of work and life histories

    Francis, B., 1997, Visualization and modelling. Earnshaw, R., Vince, J. & Jones, H. (eds.). New York: Academic Press

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  30. Published

    The value of finding employment for white-collar ex-offenders: A 20-year criminological follow-up

    Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Ackerley, E., 1/09/1997, In: British Journal of Criminology. 37, 4, p. 582-592 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  31. Published

    The value of finding employment for white-collar ex-offenders: a twenty-year criminological follow-up.

    Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Ackerley, E., 1997, In: British Journal of Criminology. 37, 4, p. 582-592 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  32. Published

    Towards a phenomenology of skill.

    Penn, R. & Francis, B., 1994, Skill and occupational change. Penn, R., Rose, M. & Rubery, J. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 223-243 21 p. (Social change and economic life initiative).

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

  33. Published

    TRAMSS website: teaching resources and materials for social scientists

    Wiggins, D., Beedham, H., Francis, B., Goldstein, H., Hanavy, M., Harman, J., Leyland, A., Rasbash, J. & Smith, F., 1999

    Research output: Exhibits, objects and web-based outputsWeb publication/site

  34. Published

    Understanding criminal careers

    Soothill, K., Fitzpatrick, C. & Francis, B., 2009, Cullompton: Willan. 204 p.

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

  35. Published

    Understanding criminal careers in organised crime

    Francis, B., Humphreys, L., Kirby, S. & Soothill, K., 7/10/2013, London: Home Office. 120 p. (Crime research and analysis; no. 74)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  36. Published

    Une étude comparative d'analyses des correspondances ou de classifications et des modèles de variables latentes ou de classes latentes

    Aitkin, M., Francis, B. & Raynal, N., 1987, In: Revue de Statistique Appliquée. 35, 3, p. 53-82 30 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  37. Published

    Use of carotenoid ratios, ethylene emissions and buffer capacities for the early diagnosis of forest decline.

    Wolfenden, J., Robinson, D. C., Cape, J. N., Paterson, I. S., Francis, B., Mehlhorn, H. & Wellburn, A., 05/1988, In: New Phytologist. 109, 1, p. 85-95 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  38. Published

    Using Cardinality to Compare Quantities: The Role of Social-Cognitive Conflict in Early Numeracy.

    Lewis, C. N., Francis, B. & Muldoon, K., 09/2007, In: Developmental Science. 10, 5, p. 694-711 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  39. Published

    Using homicide data to assist murder investigations.

    Francis, B., Barry, J., Bowater, R., Miller, N., Soothill, K. & Ackerley, E., 2004, London: Home Office, 58 p. (Home Office Online Report ; vol. 26/04).

    Research output: Working paper

  40. Published

    Using the Offenders Index to investigate patterns of offending.

    Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K., 2008, Proceedings of the 13th Government Statistical Service methodology conference. London: Office of National Statistics, UK

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

  41. Published

    Using the UK general offender database as a means to measure and analyse organised crime

    Kirby, S., Francis, B., Humphreys, L. & Soothill, K. L., 11/04/2016, In: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management. 39, 1, p. 78-94 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  42. Published

    Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage: A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts

    Christoffersen, M. N., Soothill, K. & Francis, B., 2007, In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 8, 2, p. 157-184 28 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  43. Published

    Visualisation of event histories.

    Francis, B. J. & Fuller, M., 1996, In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A Statistics in Society. 159, 2, p. 301-308 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  44. Published

    Visualisation of historical events using Lexis pencils: a case study

    Francis, B. & Pritchard, J., 1998, Case studies of visualisation in the social sciences: technical report. Unwin, D. & Fisher, P. (eds.). Bristol: JISC Advisory group on Computer Graphics, 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  45. Published

    Visualization of criminal careers

    Francis, B. & Pritchard, J., 28/02/2000, Visual Data Exploration and Analysis VII. Erbacher, R. F., Chen, P. C., Roberts, J. C. & Wittenbrink, C. M. (eds.). SPIE, Vol. 3960. p. 96-105 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  46. Published

    What are the ‘needs’ of cancer patients and their main carers? [Poster]

    Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K., Ledwith, F., Francis, B. & Al-Hamad, A., 1999.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Poster

  47. Published

    What are the 'needs' of cancer patients and their main carers?

    Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Ledwith, F. & Francis, B. J., 1999, In: European Journal of Cancer. 35, Supplement 4, p. s21-s22

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  48. Published

    What are the 'needs' of cancer patients and their main carers?

    Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Ledwith, F. & Francis, B. J., 09/1999, Proceedings of the ECCO European Cancer Conference. Vienna

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

  49. Published

    What is latent class analysis

    Francis, B., 2011

    Research output: Exhibits, objects and web-based outputsDigital or Visual Products

  50. Published

    What is the future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children? implications for policing

    Soothill, K. J., Harman, J., Francis, B. J. & Kirby, S., 2005, In: Police Journal. 78, 1, p. 37-45 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  51. Published

    When do ex-offenders become like non-offenders?

    Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 2009, In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 48, 4, p. 373-387 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  52. Published

    When do sex offenders stop offending?

    Ackerley, E., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J., 1998, In: Home Office Research Bulletin. 39, p. 51-58 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  53. Published

    White-collars and black sheep: a twenty-year criminological follow-up of white-collar ex-offenders.

    Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Escarela, G., 1999, In: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. 32, 3, p. 303-314 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  54. E-pub ahead of print

    Whitehead et al. Response to “Misunderstandings of Multiple Systems Estimation.”

    Whitehead, J., Jackson, J., Balch, A. & Francis, B., 6/11/2020, In: Journal of Human Trafficking. 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

  55. Published

    Who is most at risk of becoming a convicted rapist? the likelihood of a rape conviction among the 1966 birth cohort in Denmark

    Christofferson, M. N., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J., 06/2005, In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 61, 1, p. 39-56 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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