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Professor Brian Francis

Professor of Social Statistics

  1. Published

    Latent class mixed effects models for partially ranked preferences: examining changes in postmaterialism over time.

    Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R., 05/2012, In: Quaderni di Statistica. 14, p. 109-112 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  2. Published

    Predicting reconviction: do some predictors fade with length of follow-up?

    Francis, B., Soothill, K. & Humphreys, L., 11/2012, p. 1-18. 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

  3. Published

    Changing prevalence of sex offender convictions: disentangling age, period, and cohort effects over time

    Francis, B., Hargreaves, C. & Soothill, K., 15/08/2015, Sex offenders: a criminal career approach. Blokland, A. & Lussier, P. (eds.). Chichester: Wiley, p. 231-256 26 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  4. Unpublished

    Disentangling the Age, Period and Cohort Effects on Convictions for Sexual Offending

    Francis, B., Hargreaves, C. & Soothill, K., 4/07/2011, (Unpublished).

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

  5. Published

    A mixture model for longitudinal partially ranked data

    Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. & Humphreys, L., 2014, In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods. 43, 4, p. 722–734 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  6. Published

    Sexual and general offending trajectories of men referred for civil commitment

    Francis, B., Harris, D., Wallace, S., Soothill, K. & Knight, R., 08/2014, In: Sexual Abuse. 26, 4, p. 311-329 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  7. Published

    Understanding criminal careers in organised crime

    Francis, B., Humphreys, L., Kirby, S. & Soothill, K., 7/10/2013, London: Home Office. 120 p. (Crime research and analysis; no. 74)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  8. Published

    Sexual recidivism

    Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 11/2013, Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice. Bruinsma, G. & Weisburd, D. (eds.). New York: Springer, p. 4798-4809 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

  9. Published

    What is latent class analysis

    Francis, B., 2011

    Research output: Exhibits, objects and web-based outputsDigital or Visual Products

  10. Published

    Modelling escalation in crime seriousness: a latent variable approach

    Francis, B. & Liu, J., 08/2015, In: Metron. 73, 2, p. 277-297 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  11. Published

    Blackmail

    Francis, B. J., Peelo, M. & Soothill, K., 26/05/2016, Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology. Huebner, B. (ed.). New York: Oxford University Press

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

  12. Published

    Smoothing group-based trajectory models through B-splines

    Francis, B. J., Elliott, A. & Weldon, M., 04/2016, In: Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminology . 2, 1, p. 113-133 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  13. Published

    Investigating the relationship between the diversity index and frequency of offending

    Francis, B. J. & Humphreys, L. N., 12/2016, In: Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminology . 2, 4, p. 397-416 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  14. Published

    Data collection on trafficking in human beings in the EU: Final report

    Francis, B., Walby, S., Pattinson, B., Elliott, A., Hoti - Llabjani, V., Phoenix, J., Verrall, R. & Peelo, M., 4/12/2018, Luxembourg: European Commission. 272 p.

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  15. Published

    Latent class approaches for modelling multiple ordinal items

    Francis, B., 11/11/2018, ASMOD 2018 : Proceedings of the Advanced Statistical Modelling for Ordinal Data Conference : Naples, 24-26 October 2018 . Capecchi, S., Di Iorio, F. & Simone, R. (eds.). Napoli: FedOAPress, p. 3-13 10 p. 2

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

  16. Published

    Bilinear models for scaling and score building: when should they be used?

    Francis, B. & Davies, E., 02/2019.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Abstractpeer-review

  17. Published

    Bilinear models for score building:

    Francis, B. & Davies, E., 12/2019.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Abstractpeer-review

  18. Published

    'If England gets beaten, so will she' – the link between World Cup and violence explained

    Francis, B. & Kirby, S., 11/07/2018

    Research output: Exhibits, objects and web-based outputsBlog

  19. Published

    SIMPLE: Helping to introduce statistics to social science students

    Fritz, C., Francis, B., Morris, P. & Peelo, M., 2010, Responding to the mathematics problem: The implementation of institutional support mechanisms. Marr, C. M. & Grove, M. J. (eds.). Birmingham, UK: The Maths, Stats & OR Network, p. 51-58 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  20. Published

    Clinical decision making: a study of general surgery within Trent RHA

    Frost, C. E. B. & Francis, B., 1979, In: Social Science and Medicine. 13, 2A, p. 193-198 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  21. Published

    Place of death : analysis of cancer deaths in part of North West England.

    Gatrell, A. C., Harman, J. C., Francis, B. J., Thomas, C., Morris, S. M. & McIllmurray, M., 03/2003, In: Journal of Public Health Medicine. 25, 1, p. 53-58 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  22. Published

    Generalised linear models: proceedings of the second international conference on Generalised Linear Models

    Gilchrist, R., Francis, B. & Whittaker, J., 1985, Berlin: Springer Verlag. 178 p. (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 32)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

  23. Published

    Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.

    Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M., Harman, J. & Southampton Women Study Group, 1/03/2006, In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  24. Published

    Pathways of disadvantage and smoking careers : evidence and policy implications.

    Graham, H., Inskip, H. M., Francis, B. & Harman, J., 09/2006, In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, Supple 2, p. ii7-ii12

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  25. Published

    Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.

    Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M. & Harman, J., 03/2006, In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  26. Published

    Markov models of dependence in longitudinal paired comparisons: an application to course design

    Grand, A., Dittrich, R. & Francis, B., 04/2015, In: AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis. 99, 2, p. 237-257 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  27. Published

    Once a sex offender, always a sex offender?”

    Hargreaves, C. & Francis, B., 09/2011.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

  28. Published

    The long term recidivism risk of young sexual offenders in England and Wales - enduring risk or redemption?

    Hargreaves, C. & Francis, B., 03/2014, In: Journal of Criminal Justice. 42, 2, p. 164-172 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  29. Published

    Socioeconomic gradients in smoking among young women : a British survey.

    Harman, J., Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M. & Southampton Women Study Group, 1/12/2006, In: Social Science and Medicine. 63, 11, p. 2791-2800 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  30. Published

    Fitting paired comparison models in R.

    Hatzinger, R. & Francis, B., 2004, Vienna: Department of Statistics and Mathematics, WU Wien.

    Research output: Working paper

  31. Published

    Resource Discovery For Teaching Datasets

    Hoti - Llabjani, V., Francis, B. & Lancaster, G., 07/2010, ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland, New Zealand: International Association for Statistical Education, 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

  32. Published

    OGRS 3: the revised Offender Group Reconviction Scale

    Howard, P., Francis, B., Soothill, K. & Humphreys, L., 2009, London: Ministry of Justice. 6 p. (Research Summary)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  33. Published

    Developing numeracy in criminology students through crime data.

    Humphreys, L. & Francis, B., 2009, CETL-MSOR Conference 2008 Lancaster University 8th – 9th September Conference Proceedings. Green, D. (ed.). Birmingham, U.K.: The Maths, Stats & OR Network, p. 51-56 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  34. Published

    The research performance of UK universities: a statistical analysis of the results of the 1989 research Selectivity Exercise

    Johnes, J., Taylor, J. & Francis, B., 1993, In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A Statistics in Society. 156, 2, p. 271-286 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  35. Published

    Measuring accessibility for remote rural populations.

    Kelly, M., Flowerdew, R., Francis, B. J. & Harman, J. C., 2003, Socio-economic applications of geographical information science.. Kidner, D. B., Higgs, G. & White, S. D. (eds.). London: Taylor and Francis, p. 199-222 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

  36. Published

    The geography of survival from colo-rectal cancer.

    Kim, Y-E., Gatrell, A. C. & Francis, B. J., 04/2000, In: Social Science and Medicine. 50, 7-8, p. 1099-1107 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  37. Published

    Can the FIFA world cup football (soccer) tournament be associated with an increase in domestic abuse?

    Kirby, S., Francis, B. & O'Flahery, R., 08/2014, In: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 51, 3, p. 259-276 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  38. Published

    Using the UK general offender database as a means to measure and analyse organised crime

    Kirby, S., Francis, B., Humphreys, L. & Soothill, K. L., 11/04/2016, In: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management. 39, 1, p. 78-94 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  39. Published

    Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines.

    Lancaster, G., Francis, B. & Allen, R., 02/2009, In: MSOR Connections. 9, 1, p. 41-46 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  40. Published

    Gay homicide victims in England and Wales: helping the police with their enquiries.

    Leahy, S., Francis, B. J. & Miller, N., 2004, London: Home Office, 33 p. (Home Office Special Interest Series ; vol. 17).

    Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

  41. Published

    The odds in favour of the genitive: a study of gradience in English

    Leech, G., Francis, B. & Xu, X., 1997, The Locus of meaning: papers in honour of Yoshihiko Ikeganu. Yamanaka, K. & Ohori, T. (eds.). Tokyo: Kuroshi

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  42. Published

    The use of computer corpora in the textual demonstrability of gradience in linguistic categories.

    Leech, G., Francis, B. & Xu, X., 1994, Continuity in Linguistic Semantics. Fuchs, C. & Victorri, B. (eds.). John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 57-76 20 p. (Lingvisticæ Investigationes Supplementa; vol. 19).

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  43. Published

    Using Cardinality to Compare Quantities: The Role of Social-Cognitive Conflict in Early Numeracy.

    Lewis, C. N., Francis, B. & Muldoon, K., 09/2007, In: Developmental Science. 10, 5, p. 694-711 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  44. Published

    Kidnapping offenders: their risk of escalation to repeat offending and other serious crime.

    Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 06/2008, In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 19, 2, p. 164 - 179 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  45. Published

    A Longitudinal Study of Escalation in Crime Seriousness

    Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 06/2011, In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 27, 2, p. 175-196 22 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  46. Published

    Growth responses and delayed winter hardening in Sitka Spruce following summer exposure to ozone.

    Lucas, P., Cottam, D. A., Sheppard, L. J. & Francis, B., 04/1988, In: New Phytologist. 108, 4, p. 495-504 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  47. Published

    Gambling harm and crime careers

    May-Chahal, C. A., Humphreys, L. N., Clifton, A. K., Francis, B. J. & Reith, G., 1/03/2017, In: Journal of Gambling Studies. 33, 1, p. 65-84 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  48. Published

    The psychosocial needs of cancer patients : findings from an observational study.

    McIllmurray, M. B., Thomas, C., Francis, B. J., Morris, S., Soothill, K. L. & Al-Hamad, A., 12/2001, In: European Journal of Cancer Care. 10, 4, p. 261-269 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  49. Published

    Psychological needs in cancer: a patient survey.

    McIllmurray, M. B., Morris, S., Thomas, C., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J., 2000, In: Annals of Oncology. 11, Supple, p. 678 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  50. Published

    The psychosocial needs in cancer: a patient survey.

    McIllmurray, M., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J., 10/2000, Proceedings of the 25th ESMO congress. Hamburg

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

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