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Professor Brian Francis

Professor of Social Statistics

  1. Journal article
  2. Published

    Do facial expressions develop before birth?

    Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J. & Lincoln, K., 31/08/2011, In: PLoS ONE. 6, 8, 7 p., e24081 .

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  3. Published

    Controls over nutrient dynamics in overland flows on slopes representative of agricultural land in North West Europe

    Armstrong, A., Quinton, J. N., Francis, B., Heng, B. C. P. & Sander, G. C., 15/08/2011, In: Geoderma. 164, 1-2, p. 2-10 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  4. Published

    A Longitudinal Study of Escalation in Crime Seriousness

    Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 06/2011, In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 27, 2, p. 175-196 22 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  5. Published

    The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress

    Reissland, N. & Francis, B., 12/2010, In: Early Human Development. 86, 12, p. 813-816 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  6. Published

    Criminal Lifestyle Specialization: Female Offending in England and Wales

    Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K., 06/2010, In: International Criminal Justice Review. 20, 2, p. 188-204 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  7. Published

    Exploring Paradigms of Crime Reduction

    Soothill, K., Christoffersen, M. N., Hussain, M. A. & Francis, B., 03/2010, In: British Journal of Criminology. 50, 2, p. 222-238 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  8. Published

    The impact of peatland drain-blocking on dissolved organic carbon loss and discolouration of water : results from a national survey.

    Armstrong, A., Holden, J., Kay, P., Francis, B., Foulger, M., Gledhill, S., McDonald, A. & Walker, A., 5/02/2010, In: Journal of Hydrology. 381, 1-2, p. 112-120 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  9. Published

    The importance of co-convictions in the prediction of dangerous recidivism: blackmail and kidnapping as a demonstration study

    Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Liu, J., 02/2010, In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 10, 1, p. 23-36 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  10. Published

    The debate rumbles on: The measurement tail is now wagging the dog

    Soothill, K. & Francis, B., 01/2010, In: New Law Journal. 7401, p. 94-95 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  11. Published

    Modeling heterogeneity in ranked responses by nonparametric maximum likelihood: How do Europeans get their scientific knowledge?

    Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R., 2010, In: Annals of Applied Statistics. 4, 4, p. 2181-2202 22 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  12. Published

    The brightness-weight illusion: darker objects look heavier but feel lighter

    Walker, P., Francis, B. J. & Walker, L., 2010, In: Experimental Psychology. 57, 6, p. 462-469 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  13. Published

    Keeping information on Police databases

    Soothill, K. & Francis, B., 09/2009, In: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly. 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  14. Published

    Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines.

    Lancaster, G., Francis, B. & Allen, R., 02/2009, In: MSOR Connections. 9, 1, p. 41-46 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  15. Published

    Keeping the DNA link

    Soothill, K. & Francis, B., 2009, In: New Law Journal. 159, p. 73-78 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  16. Published

    When do ex-offenders become like non-offenders?

    Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 2009, In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 48, 4, p. 373-387 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  17. Published

    Tackling mixed messages: embedding advanced numeracy in graduate identities.

    Peelo, M. T. & Francis, B., 2009, In: MSOR Connections. 9, 4, p. 23-27 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  18. Published

    Does serious offending lead to homicide? exploring the interrelationships and sequencing of serious crime.

    Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Liu, J., 07/2008, In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 4, p. 522-537 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  19. Published

    Risk factors for a first-time drink-driving conviction among young men: a birth cohort study of all men born in Denmark in 1966.

    Christoffersen, M. N., Soothill, K. & Francis, B., 06/2008, In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 34, 4, p. 415 - 425 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  20. Published

    Kidnapping offenders: their risk of escalation to repeat offending and other serious crime.

    Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 06/2008, In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 19, 2, p. 164 - 179 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  21. Published

    Older People and Dissatisfaction with Wheelchair Services.

    Stewart, J., Sapey, B., Humphreys, L., Francis, B. & Donaldson, G., 03/2008, In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. 10, 1, p. 17-28 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  22. Published

    Changing patterns of offending behaviour among young adults.

    Soothill, K., Francis, B., Ackerley, E. & Humphreys, L., 01/2008, In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 1, p. 75 - 95 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  23. Published

    Killer instinct: can convictions for serious offences indicate who is more likely to kill?.

    Soothill, K., Liu, J. & Francis, B., 2008, In: Police Review. 116, p. 6004-6004 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  24. Published

    Criminal convictions among children and young adults: changes over time.

    Soothill, K., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B., 2008, In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 8, 3, p. 297-315 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  25. Published

    Effects of finger markers on the kinematics of reaching movements in young children and adults.

    Domellof, E., Hopkins, B., Francis, B. & Ronnqvist, L., 11/2007, In: Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 23, 4, p. 315 - 321 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  26. Published

    Using Cardinality to Compare Quantities: The Role of Social-Cognitive Conflict in Early Numeracy.

    Lewis, C. N., Francis, B. & Muldoon, K., 09/2007, In: Developmental Science. 10, 5, p. 694-711 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  27. Published

    Introducing the Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – a Centre of Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL).

    Abram, B. & Francis, B., 07/2007, In: MSOR Connections. 7, 2, p. 11-15 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  28. Published

    A paired comparison approach for the analysis of sets of Likert-scale responses.

    Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W., 04/2007, In: Statistical Modelling. 7, 1, p. 3 - 28

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  29. Published

    Modelling Change: New Opportunities in the Analysis of Microgenetic Data.

    Cheshire, A., Muldoon, K. P., Francis, B., Lewis, C. N. & Ball, L. J., 02/2007, In: Infant and Child Development. 16, 1, p. 119-134 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  30. Published

    A latent Markov model for detecting patterns of criminal activity.

    Francis, B. J., Bartolucci, F. & Pennoni, F., 01/2007, In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A Statistics in Society. 170, 1, p. 115-132 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  31. Published

    Estimation issues and generational changes in modelling criminal career length

    Francis, B. J., Piquero, A. R. & Soothill, K., 01/2007, In: Crime and Delinquency. 53, 1, p. 84-105 22 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  32. Published

    Kidnapping: a criminal profile of persons convicted 1979-2001.

    Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Ackerley, E., 01/2007, In: Behavioral Sciences and the Law. 25, 1, p. 69 - 84 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

  33. Published

    Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage: A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts

    Christoffersen, M. N., Soothill, K. & Francis, B., 2007, In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 8, 2, p. 157-184 28 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  34. Published

    Socioeconomic gradients in smoking among young women : a British survey.

    Harman, J., Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M. & Southampton Women Study Group, 1/12/2006, In: Social Science and Medicine. 63, 11, p. 2791-2800 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  35. Published

    Pathways of disadvantage and smoking careers : evidence and policy implications.

    Graham, H., Inskip, H. M., Francis, B. & Harman, J., 09/2006, In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, Supple 2, p. ii7-ii12

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  36. Published

    Modelling dependency in multivariate paired comparisons: a log-linear approach.

    Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W., 09/2006, In: Mathematical Social Sciences. 52, 2, p. 197-209 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  37. Published

    Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.

    Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M., Harman, J. & Southampton Women Study Group, 1/03/2006, In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  38. Published

    Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.

    Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M. & Harman, J., 03/2006, In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  39. Published

    Identifying future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children: a focus on those convicted and those strongly suspected of such crime.

    Soothill, K., Harman, J., Francis, B. & Kirby, S., 1/06/2005, In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 16, 2, p. 225-247 23 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  40. Published

    Who is most at risk of becoming a convicted rapist? the likelihood of a rape conviction among the 1966 birth cohort in Denmark

    Christofferson, M. N., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J., 06/2005, In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 61, 1, p. 39-56 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  41. Published

    What is the future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children? implications for policing

    Soothill, K. J., Harman, J., Francis, B. J. & Kirby, S., 2005, In: Police Journal. 78, 1, p. 37-45 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  42. Published

    Grouping cancer patients by psychosocial needs.

    Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J., Awwad, F., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C. & McIllmurrary, M., 2005, In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology. 22, 2, p. 90-109 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  43. Published

    Multiple cohort data, delinquent generations and criminal careers.

    Francis, B. J., Ackerley, E. & Soothill, K., 05/2004, In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 20, 2, p. 103-126 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  44. Published

    Fewer convicted but more imprisoned.

    Soothill, K. & Francis, B. J., 05/2004, In: Magistrate. 60, 5, p. 144-145 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  45. Published

    Profiles of crime recruitment: changing patterns over time.

    Ackerley, E., Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 8/04/2004, In: British Journal of Criminology. 44, 3, p. 401-418 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  46. Published

    Newspaper reporting and the public construction of homicide.

    Peelo, M., Francis, B., Pearson, J., Soothill, K. & Ackerley, E., 03/2004, In: British Journal of Criminology. 44, 2, p. 256-275 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  47. Published

    The criminal careers of arsonists

    Soothill, K., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. J., 01/2004, In: Medicine, Science and the Law. 44, 1, p. 27-40 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  48. Published

    The reporting trajectories of top homicide cases in the media: a case study of The Times.

    Soothill, K., Peelo, M. T., Pearson, J. & Francis, B., 01/2004, In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 43, 1, p. 1-14 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  49. Published

    Identifying patterns of offending behaviour: a new approach to typologies of crime.

    Francis, B. J., Fligelstone, R. & Soothill, K., 2004, In: European Journal of Criminology. 1, 1, p. 48-87 40 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  50. Published

    Perjury and false statements: a criminal profile of persons convicted, 1979-2001.

    Soothill, K. & Francis, B. J., 2004, In: Criminal Law Review. p. 926-935 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  51. Published

    The persistent offenders debate: a focus on temporal changes.

    Soothill, K. L., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. J., 1/11/2003, In: Criminal Justice. 3, 4, p. 389-412 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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