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Approximately multiplicative maps between algebras of bounded operators on Banach spaces

Research output: Working paper

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Abstract

We show that for any separable reflexive Banach space $X$ and a large class of Banach spaces $E$, including those with a subsymmetric shrinking basis but also all spaces $L_p$ for $1\leq p \leq \infty$, every bounded linear map ${\mathcal B}(E)\to {\mathcal B}(X)$ which is approximately multiplicative is necessarily close in the operator norm to some bounded homomorphism ${\mathcal B}(E)\to {\mathcal B}(X)$. That is, the pair $({\mathcal B}(E), {\mathcal B}(X))$ has the AMNM property in the sense of Johnson (\textit{J.~London Math.\ Soc.} 1988). Previously this was only known for $E=X=\ell_p$ with $1<p<\infty$; even for those cases, we improve on the previous methods and obtain better constants in various estimates. A crucial role in our approach is played by a new result, motivated by cohomological techniques, which establishes AMNM properties relative to an amenable subalgebra; this generalizes a theorem of Johnson (\textit{op cit.}).