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Macroeconomic Effects of Dividend Taxation with Investment Credit Limits

Research output: Working paper

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Publication date1/07/2022
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Publication series

NameIMF Working Paper
PublisherInternational Monetary Fund (IMF)
No.2022/127

Abstract

We analyze the effects of dividend taxation in a general equilibrium business cycle model with an occasionally-binding investment credit limit. Permanent dividend tax reforms distort capital investment decisions in the binding long-run equilibrium, but are neutral otherwise. Temporary unexpected tax cuts stimulate short-term real activity in the credit-constrained economy, yet produce contractionary macroeconomic outcomes in the slack regime. The occasionally-binding constraint reconciles the `traditional' and `new' views of dividend taxation, and highlights the importance of measuring the firm's initial borrowing position before enacting tax reforms. Finally, permanently lower dividend taxes dampen financial business cycles, and help to explain macroeconomic asymmetries.