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Home > Research > Researchers > Sara Fovargue
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Dr Sara Fovargue


Bowland North

Lancaster University


Lancaster LA1 4YN

United Kingdom

Tel: +44 1524 593168

Office Hours:

Please email to make an appointment:


Week 1 Weds 8 Oct 9-9.50am

Week 2 Mon 13 Oct 9-9.50am

Weeks 3-8 Weds 22 Oct - Weds 26 Nov 11-11.50am

Week 9 Mon 1 Dec 9-9.50am

Week 10 Weds 10 Dec 9-9.50am.




Research overview

Dr Fovargue's research largely centres around two areas, biotechnology and reproduction, and she is particularly interested in xenotransplantation. Themes within her work include autonomy, risk, regulation, and the relationship between law and ethics. Dr Fovargue's research explores legal and ethical aspects of clinical research, regulation and risk, and she has published on the legal regulation of xenotransplantation, and issues surrounding consenting to risk. She is also interested in decision making processes and practices with regard to the 'vulnerable'.


PhD supervision

Health care law and ethics generally. Dr Fovargue has a particular interest in clinical research involving human and non-human animals, developing biotechnologies such as xenotransplantation (especially issues of risk and regulation), reproductive technologies, organ donation and transplantation, consent and capacity, and decision making for the 'vulnerable'

Family law - especially issues around parents, parenthood and reproductive technologies, children and childhood - particularly children and health.

Current Teaching

Michaelmas Term

UG - Law 343 Health Care Law and Ethics convenor

PG - LLM101 Founations of Medical Law module leader

External Roles

Associate Editor (Public Policy and Law) of Clinical Ethics (published by the Royal Society of Medicine).

Associate Editor (Book Reviews) of the Medical Law Review, pubished by Oxford University Press.


2013 Peer reviewer for the Leverhulme Trust 

2012 - External Examiner, University of Dundee, LLM Healthcare Law and Ethics.

2012 - External Examiner, University of Manchester, LLM Health Care Ethics and Law.

2012 Wellcome Trust peer reviewer.

2010- External Examiner, LLB (Hons) Glasgow University.

2010 ESRC peer reviewer.

2009 PhD External Examiner, Law School University of Newcastle upon Tyne: 'Women's Empowerment versus the Sanctity of Life: The Law and the Politics of Family Planning in Nigeria and the United Kingdom - A Comparative Analysis'.

2005-9 External Examiner, LLM Health Care Ethics and Law, Law School, University of Huddersfield.

2004-8 External Examiner, MSc Health Care Ethics, Department of Primary Care, Liverpool University.


Peer reviewer for a variety of journals including the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics; Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law; Child and Family Law Quarterly; Medical Law International; Bioethics; Genomics, Society and Policy, Medical Law Review; and the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Professional Role

Co-Director, Centre for Bioethics and Medical Law.

Equality, Diversity and Disabilities Officer.


Additional Information

Current Research

I am currently working on a number projects:

(i) the role of the public in determining the legal response to reproductive biotechnologies such as sex selection for non-medical reasons (with Rebecca Bennett, University of Manchester).

(ii) research regulation and 'vulnerability'

(iii) xenotransplantation in Europe

(iv) the power of 'proper medical treatment'

(v) who consents when the patient and their parents are under 18.

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