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Current Postgraduate Research Students

Sara Fovargue supervises 3 postgraduate research students. If these students have produced research profiles, these are listed below:

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Professor Sara Fovargue


Bowland North



Tel: +44 1524 593168

Office Hours:

Appointments to see me in my office hours can be made here: https://lancaster-uk.libcal.com/appointments/sarafovargue_officehour. 

If you cannot see me during these times, please email me so we can make alternative arrangements.

Research overview

My research interests lie within the broad fields of health care law and ethics, and family law (particularly related to children and health). I've published on matters relating to developing/emerging biotechnologies (including xenotransplantation), reproduction, consent and capacity, and risk and regulation. I'm interested in decision-making processes and practices with regard to 'the vulnerable', including best interests assessments for pregnant women under the MHA, and conscientious objection in health care practice, including for pharmacists.

PhD supervision

1. Health care law and ethics generally. I have particular interests in: - consent and capacity. - decision making for the 'vulnerable'. - issues relating to capacity, consent, risk and regulation. - clinical research involving human and non-human animals. - developing biotechnologies (such as xenotransplantation). - reproduction and reproductive technologies. - organ donation and transplantation. - children and medical treament. - conscientious objection. 2. Family law - especially issues around parents, parenthood and reproductive technologies, children and childhood - particularly children and health.

Current Teaching


Convenor, lecturer and workshop leader on Law 300 Health Care Law and Ethics. 

External Roles

Editor-in-Chief of the Medical Law Review (Oxford University Press).

AHRC Peer Review College member.

External Examiner - Cardiff University; King's College London; University of Leicester.

Additional Information

Current Research

I am currently working on four projects:

(i) a UKRI AHRC funded project with Lucy Frith, Anna Chiumento, Caroline Redhead (University of Liverpool) and Heather Draper and Paul Baines (University of Warwick), looking at ethical decision-making in resetting NHS paediatric and maternity services after the first wave of Covid-19: https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/population-health-sciences/departments/health-services-research/key-projects/resetethics/

(ii) a British Academy/Leverhulme funded project with Mary Neal (University of Strathclyde) exploring pharmacists' perceptions of ethical conflict and professional guidance in the light of the revised General Pharmaceutical Council Standards of Conduct, Ethics and Performance. We have interviewed pharmacists in the UK about the role of personal values in their practice, and how this fits with professional expectations, and are currently writing up our findings.

(iii) a Royal Society of Edinburgh funded project with Dr Mary Neal (University Strathclyde) and Dr Stephen Smith (Cardiff University), in which we have established the Accommodating Consciencr Research Network (ACoRN). The Network is exploring the 'what', 'why', 'how', and 'when' of accommodating claims of conscience within health care practice.

(iv) with Dr Craig Purshouse (University of Liverpool), I am co-editing a collection of essays looking at 'Leading Works in Health Law and Ethics'. This is to be published by Routledge in 2022.


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