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  • On the Spectral-Energy Efficiency and Rate Fairness Tradeoffs in Relay-Aided Cooperative OFDMA Networks (V32)-Double Column

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On the spectral-energy efficiency and rate fairness tradeoff in relay-aided cooperative OFDMA systems

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>09/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number9
Volume15
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)6342-6355
Publication statusPublished
Early online date21/06/16
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In resource constrained wireless systems, achieving higher spectral efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE), and greater rate fairness are conflicting objectives. Here a general framework is presented to analyze the tradeoff among these three performance metrics in cooperative OFDMA systems with decode-and-forward (DF) relaying, where subcarrier pairing and allocation, relay selection, choice of transmission strategy, and power allocation are jointly considered. In our analytical framework, rate fairness is represented utilizing -fairness model and the resource allocation problem is formulated as a multiobjective optimization (MOO) problem. We then propose a cross-layer resource allocation algorithm across application and physical layers, and further devise a heuristic algorithm to tackle the computational complexity issue. The SE-EE tradeoff is characterized as a Pareto optimal set, and the efficiency and fairness tradeoff is investigated through the price of fairness (PoF). Simulations indicate that higher fairness results in a worse SE-EE tradeoff. It is also shown imposing fairness helps to reduce the outage probability. For a fixed number of relays, by increasing circuit power, the performance of SE-EE tradeoff is degraded. Interestingly, by increasing the number of relays, although the total circuit power is increased, the SE-EE tradeoff is not necessarily degraded. This is thanks to the extra degree of freedom provided in relay selection.

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©2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.