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Measurement of the W boson polarisation in tt¯ events from pp collisions at √s = 8 TeV in the lepton + jets channel with ATLAS

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  • ATLAS Collaboration
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Article number264
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>26/04/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields
Issue number4
Volume77
Number of pages28
<mark>State</mark>Published
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This paper presents a measurement of the polarisation of W bosons from tt ¯ decays, reconstructed in events with one high-pT lepton and at least four jets. Data from pp collisions at the LHC were collected at √s = 8 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 20.2 fb−1. The angle θ ∗ between the b-quark from the top quark decay and a direct W boson decay product in the W boson rest frame is sensitive to the W boson polarisation. Two different W decay products are used as polarisation analysers: the charged lepton and the down-type quark for the leptonically and hadronically decaying W boson, respectively. The most precise measurement of the W boson polarisation via the distribution of cos θ ∗ is obtained using the leptonic analyser and events in which at least two of the jets are tagged as b-quark jets. The fitted fractions of longitudinal, left- and right-handed polarisation states are F0 = 0.709 ± 0.019, FL = 0.299 ± 0.015 and FR = − 0.008 ± 0.014, and are the most precisely measured W boson polarisation fractions to date. Limits on anomalous couplings of the Wtb vertex are set.