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Measurement of the production cross-section of a single top quark in association with a W boson at 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment

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  • ATLAS Collaboration
Article number64
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/01/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of High Energy Physics
Issue number1
Number of pages48
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The cross-section for the production of a single top quark in association with a W boson in proton-proton collisions at √s=8TeV is measured. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1, collected by the ATLAS detector in 2012 at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Events containing two leptons and one central b-jet are selected. The W t signal is separated from the backgrounds using boosted decision trees, each of which combines a number of discriminating variables into one classifier. Production of W t events is observed with a significance of 7.7σ. The cross-section is extracted in a profile likelihood fit to the classifier output distributions. The W t cross-section, inclusive of decay modes, is measured to be 23.0 ± 1.3(stat.) − 3.5 + 3.2 (syst.)±1.1(lumi.) pb. The measured cross-section is used to extract a value for the CKM matrix element |V tb | of 1.01 ± 0.10 and a lower limit of 0.80 at the 95% confidence level. The cross-section for the production of a top quark and a W boson is also measured in a fiducial acceptance requiring two leptons with p T > 25 GeV and |η| < 2.5, one jet with p T > 20 GeV and |η| < 2.5, and E T miss  > 20 GeV, including both W t and top-quark pair events as signal. The measured value of the fiducial cross-section is 0.85 ± 0.01(stat.) − 0.07 + 0.07 (syst.)±0.03(lumi.) pb.