Quiet-time daily variations of the geomagnetic field near the magnetic equator due to the equatorial electrojet are simulated using the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere-Ionosphere Electro- dynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM), and compared to those observed by ground-based magnetometers. Simulations are run both with and without tidal forcing at the height of the model lower boundary (∼97 km). When the lower-boundary forcing is off, the wind that generates an electro- motive force in the model is primarily the vertically non-propagating diurnal tide, which is excited in the thermosphere due to daytime solar ultra-violet heating. The lower-boundary tidal forcing adds the effect of upward-propagating tides, which are excited in the lower atmosphere and propagate vertically to the thermosphere. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the relative importance of these thermospherically-generated tides and upward-propagating tides in the generation of the equatorial electrojet. Fairly good agreement is obtained between model and observations when the model is forced by realistic lower-boundary tides based on temperature and wind measurements from the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite, as determined by Wu et al. . The simulation results show that the effect of upward-propagating tides increases the range of the geomagnetic daily variation in the magnetic-northward component at the magnetic equator approximately by 100%. It is also shown that the well-known semiannual change in the daily variation is mostly due to upward-propagating tides, especially the migrating semidiurnal tide. These results indicate that upward-propagating tides play a substantial role in producing the equatorial electrojet and its seasonal variability.