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Can the biofuel crop, Jatropha curcas, be used as a locally-grown botanical pesticide?: a lab and field study in Zambia

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsPaper

Published

Publication date1/11/2013
Host publicationProceedings of The First International Conference on Pesticidal Plants: Volume 1 (August 2013)
EditorsJoshua Ogendo, Catherine W. Lukhoba, Philip K. Bett, Alex K. Machocho
Place of publicationNakuru, Kenya
PublisherEgerton University
Pages124-127
Number of pages4
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9789966033000
ISBN (Print)9789966033000
Original languageEnglish

Conference

ConferenceThe First International Conference on Pesticidal Plants (ICPP)
CountryKenya
CityNairobi
Period21/01/1324/01/13

Conference

ConferenceThe First International Conference on Pesticidal Plants (ICPP)
CountryKenya
CityNairobi
Period21/01/1324/01/13

Abstract

Jatropha curcas is grown as a biofuel crop in the tropics, and in many parts of Africa it also has a number of domestic uses, e.g. it is frequently grown as a hedge. The collapse of the biofuels market in Zambia has inspired a search for alternative uses for this plant. Previous laboratory studies suggested that Jatropha exhibits a range of beneficial properties, including pesticidal properties. In this paper, we report a series of studies aimed at testing whether formulations of Jatropha powder or oil are effective against storage pests infesting cowpeas and maize. These include laboratory experiments in the UK and field studies conducted with village farmers in Zambia. We report these findings, and discuss the role of participatory research in aiding the adoption of locally-grown botanical pesticides amongst resource-poor farmers in rural Zambia.

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