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  • 1910.07405v1

    Rights statement: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab4ce5

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Chandra Observations of the Spectacular A3411-12 Merger Event

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • Felipe Andrade-Santos
  • Reinout J. van Weeren
  • Gabriella Di Gennaro
  • David Wittman
  • Dongsu Ryu
  • Dharam Vir Lal
  • Vinicius M. Placco
  • Kevin Fogarty
  • M. James Jee
  • Andra Stroe
  • David Sobral
  • William R. Forman
  • Christine Jones
  • Ralph P. Kraft
  • Stephen S. Murray
  • Marcus Brüggen
  • Hyesung Kang
  • Rafael Santucci
  • Nathan Golovich
  • William Dawson
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Article number31
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>6/12/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>The Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Volume887
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We present deep Chandra observations of A3411-12, a remarkable merging cluster that hosts the most compelling evidence for electron re-acceleration at cluster shocks to date. Using the $Y_X-M$ scaling relation, we find $r_{500} \sim 1.3$ Mpc, $M_{500} = (7.1 \pm 0.7) \times 10^{14} \ M_{\rm{\odot}}$, $kT=6.5\pm 0.1$ keV, and a gas mass of $M_{\rm g,500} = (9.7 \pm 0.1) \times 10^{13} M_\odot$. The gas mass fraction within $r_{500}$ is $f_{\rm g} = 0.14 \pm 0.01$. We compute the shock strength using density jumps to conclude that the Mach number of the merging subcluster is small ($M \leq 1.15_{-0.09}^{+0.14}$). We also present pseudo-density, projected temperature, pseudo-pressure, and pseudo-entropy maps. Based on the pseudo-entropy map we conclude that the cluster is undergoing a mild merger, consistent with the small Mach number. On the other hand, radio relics extend over Mpc scale in the A3411-12 system, which strongly suggests that a population of energetic electrons already existed over extended regions of the cluster.

Bibliographic note

This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab4ce5