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Classification of test agent-specific effects in the Syrian hamster embryo assay (pH 6.7) using infrared spectroscopy with computational analysis

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Classification of test agent-specific effects in the Syrian hamster embryo assay (pH 6.7) using infrared spectroscopy with computational analysis. / Ahmadzai, Abdullah A.; Trevisan, Julio; Pang, Weiyi; Patel, Imran I.; Fullwood, Nigel J.; Bruce, Shannon W.; Pant, Kamala; Carmichael, Paul L.; Scott, Andrew D.; Martin, Francis L.

In: Mutagenesis, Vol. 27, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 375-382.

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Ahmadzai, Abdullah A. ; Trevisan, Julio ; Pang, Weiyi ; Patel, Imran I. ; Fullwood, Nigel J. ; Bruce, Shannon W. ; Pant, Kamala ; Carmichael, Paul L. ; Scott, Andrew D. ; Martin, Francis L. / Classification of test agent-specific effects in the Syrian hamster embryo assay (pH 6.7) using infrared spectroscopy with computational analysis. In: Mutagenesis. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 375-382.

Bibtex

@article{f50bea587d5046b6bcd00a094e35105d,
title = "Classification of test agent-specific effects in the Syrian hamster embryo assay (pH 6.7) using infrared spectroscopy with computational analysis",
abstract = "The Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay (pH 6.7) has utility in the assessment of potential chemical carcinogenicity (both genotoxic and non-genotoxic mechanisms of action). The assay uses morphological transformation as an end point and has a reported sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 83% and overall concordance of 85% with in vivo rodent bioassay data. However, the scoring of morphologically transformed SHE cells is subjective. We treated SHE cells grown on low-E reflective slides with benzo[a]pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene, anthracene, N-nitroso-N-methylnitroguanidine, ortho-toluidine HCl, 2,4-diaminotoluene or D-mannitol for 7 days before fixation with methanol. Identified colonies were interrogated by acquiring a minimum of five infrared (IR) spectra per colony using attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy. Individual IR spectra were acquired over a spatial area of approximately 250 x 250 mu m. Resultant data were analysed using Fisher's linear discriminant analysis and feature histogram algorithms to extract classifying biomarkers of test agent-specific effects or transformation in SHE cells. Clustering of spectral points suggested co-segregation or discrimination of test agent categories based on mechanism of action. Towards transformation, unifying alterations were associated with alterations in the Amide I and Amide II peaks; these were consistently major classifying biomarkers for transformed versus non-transformed SHE cells. Our approach highlights a novel method towards objectively screening and classifying SHE cells, be it to ascertain test agent treatment based on mechanism of action or transformation.",
author = "Ahmadzai, {Abdullah A.} and Julio Trevisan and Weiyi Pang and Patel, {Imran I.} and Fullwood, {Nigel J.} and Bruce, {Shannon W.} and Kamala Pant and Carmichael, {Paul L.} and Scott, {Andrew D.} and Martin, {Francis L.}",
year = "2012",
month = may
doi = "10.1093/mutage/ges003",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "375--382",
journal = "Mutagenesis",
issn = "0267-8357",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Classification of test agent-specific effects in the Syrian hamster embryo assay (pH 6.7) using infrared spectroscopy with computational analysis

AU - Ahmadzai, Abdullah A.

AU - Trevisan, Julio

AU - Pang, Weiyi

AU - Patel, Imran I.

AU - Fullwood, Nigel J.

AU - Bruce, Shannon W.

AU - Pant, Kamala

AU - Carmichael, Paul L.

AU - Scott, Andrew D.

AU - Martin, Francis L.

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - The Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay (pH 6.7) has utility in the assessment of potential chemical carcinogenicity (both genotoxic and non-genotoxic mechanisms of action). The assay uses morphological transformation as an end point and has a reported sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 83% and overall concordance of 85% with in vivo rodent bioassay data. However, the scoring of morphologically transformed SHE cells is subjective. We treated SHE cells grown on low-E reflective slides with benzo[a]pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene, anthracene, N-nitroso-N-methylnitroguanidine, ortho-toluidine HCl, 2,4-diaminotoluene or D-mannitol for 7 days before fixation with methanol. Identified colonies were interrogated by acquiring a minimum of five infrared (IR) spectra per colony using attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy. Individual IR spectra were acquired over a spatial area of approximately 250 x 250 mu m. Resultant data were analysed using Fisher's linear discriminant analysis and feature histogram algorithms to extract classifying biomarkers of test agent-specific effects or transformation in SHE cells. Clustering of spectral points suggested co-segregation or discrimination of test agent categories based on mechanism of action. Towards transformation, unifying alterations were associated with alterations in the Amide I and Amide II peaks; these were consistently major classifying biomarkers for transformed versus non-transformed SHE cells. Our approach highlights a novel method towards objectively screening and classifying SHE cells, be it to ascertain test agent treatment based on mechanism of action or transformation.

AB - The Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay (pH 6.7) has utility in the assessment of potential chemical carcinogenicity (both genotoxic and non-genotoxic mechanisms of action). The assay uses morphological transformation as an end point and has a reported sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 83% and overall concordance of 85% with in vivo rodent bioassay data. However, the scoring of morphologically transformed SHE cells is subjective. We treated SHE cells grown on low-E reflective slides with benzo[a]pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene, anthracene, N-nitroso-N-methylnitroguanidine, ortho-toluidine HCl, 2,4-diaminotoluene or D-mannitol for 7 days before fixation with methanol. Identified colonies were interrogated by acquiring a minimum of five infrared (IR) spectra per colony using attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy. Individual IR spectra were acquired over a spatial area of approximately 250 x 250 mu m. Resultant data were analysed using Fisher's linear discriminant analysis and feature histogram algorithms to extract classifying biomarkers of test agent-specific effects or transformation in SHE cells. Clustering of spectral points suggested co-segregation or discrimination of test agent categories based on mechanism of action. Towards transformation, unifying alterations were associated with alterations in the Amide I and Amide II peaks; these were consistently major classifying biomarkers for transformed versus non-transformed SHE cells. Our approach highlights a novel method towards objectively screening and classifying SHE cells, be it to ascertain test agent treatment based on mechanism of action or transformation.

U2 - 10.1093/mutage/ges003

DO - 10.1093/mutage/ges003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - 375

EP - 382

JO - Mutagenesis

JF - Mutagenesis

SN - 0267-8357

IS - 3

ER -