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Cost-benefit analysis of different container capacities and fertilization regimes in Pinus stock-type production for forest restoration in dry Mediterranean areas

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Cost-benefit analysis of different container capacities and fertilization regimes in Pinus stock-type production for forest restoration in dry Mediterranean areas. / Puertolas Simon, Jaime; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Benito, Luis F.; Penuelas, Juan L.

In: Ecological Engineering, Vol. 44, 07.2012, p. 210-215.

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@article{2d5259a1b92f4d0fbe3156d6c18e0c85,
title = "Cost-benefit analysis of different container capacities and fertilization regimes in Pinus stock-type production for forest restoration in dry Mediterranean areas",
abstract = "Seedling quality and nursery practices have been studied extensively for Mediterranean pine species in recent years. However, the cost-benefit relationship of producing different planting stock-types has not been addressed. We cultured eleven different stock-types of Pinus halepensis Mill. and Pinus pinea L. by combining different container capacities and nursery fertilization regimes; all stock-types were then outplanted under varying ecological conditions. Container capacity mainly determined pre-planting morphology, production costs and post-planting growth of the different stock-types. Survival was generally lower in the seedlings raised in the smallest container, but no differences were detected among the others in spite of a large morphological range. Additional late season fertilization enhanced post-planting performance on all the sites and for both species. In general, the optimum stock-type for both species was that resulting from propagation in medium size containers (300 cm(3)) with additional late season fertilization, because this minimized cost per living seedling and per stem volume after three years in the field. These results reveal the importance of late season fertilization as an inexpensive tool to improve field performance and establish an operational limit to increasing stock-type size in Mediterranean pine species. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "RADIATA, VEGETATION MANAGEMENT, EARLY GROWTH, SURVIVAL, Late-season fertilization, Seedling size, Field performance, SOIL CULTIVATION, SITE, NURSERY PRACTICES, FIELD PERFORMANCE, SEEDLING DIAMETER, Weeding, WEED-CONTROL",
author = "{Puertolas Simon}, Jaime and Jacobs, {Douglass F.} and Benito, {Luis F.} and Penuelas, {Juan L.}",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.04.005",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "210--215",
journal = "Ecological Engineering",
issn = "0925-8574",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cost-benefit analysis of different container capacities and fertilization regimes in Pinus stock-type production for forest restoration in dry Mediterranean areas

AU - Puertolas Simon, Jaime

AU - Jacobs, Douglass F.

AU - Benito, Luis F.

AU - Penuelas, Juan L.

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - Seedling quality and nursery practices have been studied extensively for Mediterranean pine species in recent years. However, the cost-benefit relationship of producing different planting stock-types has not been addressed. We cultured eleven different stock-types of Pinus halepensis Mill. and Pinus pinea L. by combining different container capacities and nursery fertilization regimes; all stock-types were then outplanted under varying ecological conditions. Container capacity mainly determined pre-planting morphology, production costs and post-planting growth of the different stock-types. Survival was generally lower in the seedlings raised in the smallest container, but no differences were detected among the others in spite of a large morphological range. Additional late season fertilization enhanced post-planting performance on all the sites and for both species. In general, the optimum stock-type for both species was that resulting from propagation in medium size containers (300 cm(3)) with additional late season fertilization, because this minimized cost per living seedling and per stem volume after three years in the field. These results reveal the importance of late season fertilization as an inexpensive tool to improve field performance and establish an operational limit to increasing stock-type size in Mediterranean pine species. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Seedling quality and nursery practices have been studied extensively for Mediterranean pine species in recent years. However, the cost-benefit relationship of producing different planting stock-types has not been addressed. We cultured eleven different stock-types of Pinus halepensis Mill. and Pinus pinea L. by combining different container capacities and nursery fertilization regimes; all stock-types were then outplanted under varying ecological conditions. Container capacity mainly determined pre-planting morphology, production costs and post-planting growth of the different stock-types. Survival was generally lower in the seedlings raised in the smallest container, but no differences were detected among the others in spite of a large morphological range. Additional late season fertilization enhanced post-planting performance on all the sites and for both species. In general, the optimum stock-type for both species was that resulting from propagation in medium size containers (300 cm(3)) with additional late season fertilization, because this minimized cost per living seedling and per stem volume after three years in the field. These results reveal the importance of late season fertilization as an inexpensive tool to improve field performance and establish an operational limit to increasing stock-type size in Mediterranean pine species. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - RADIATA

KW - VEGETATION MANAGEMENT

KW - EARLY GROWTH

KW - SURVIVAL

KW - Late-season fertilization

KW - Seedling size

KW - Field performance

KW - SOIL CULTIVATION

KW - SITE

KW - NURSERY PRACTICES

KW - FIELD PERFORMANCE

KW - SEEDLING DIAMETER

KW - Weeding

KW - WEED-CONTROL

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.04.005

DO - 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.04.005

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 210

EP - 215

JO - Ecological Engineering

JF - Ecological Engineering

SN - 0925-8574

ER -