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Cyclotron resonance of the magnetic ratchet effect and second harmonic generation in bilayer graphene

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
Article number075415
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>15/02/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical review b
Issue number7
Volume97
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished
Early online date13/02/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We model the magnetic ratchet effect in bilayer graphene in which a dc electric current is produced by an ac electric field of frequency ω in the presence of a steady in-plane magnetic field and inversion-symmetry breaking. In bilayer graphene, the ratchet effect is tunable by an external metallic gate which breaks inversion symmetry. For zero in-plane magnetic field, we show that trigonal warping and inversion-symmetry breaking are able to produce a large dc valley current, but not a non-zero total dc charge current. For the magnetic ratchet in a tilted magnetic field, the perpendicular field component induces cyclotron motion with frequency ωc and we find that the dc current displays cyclotron resonance at ωc = ω, although this peak in the current is actually smaller than its value at ωc = 0. Second harmonic generation, however, is greatly enhanced by resonances at ωc = ω and ωc = 2ω for which the current is generally much larger than at ωc = 0.

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©2018 American Physical Society