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Direct measurement of the critical velocity above which a tuning fork generates turbulence in superfluid helium.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/2010
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number3-4
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)456-461
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The dynamics of an electrically-driven 8 kHz quartz tuning fork has been studied experimentally in liquid helium-4 in the temperature range 1.3 < T <4.2 K under the saturated vapour pressure. The fork has relatively large dimensions compared to standard 32 kHz fork used in recent investigations. The velocity of the tip of the fork prong is measured by the indirect electromechanical equivalent method and is compared with the velocity of another 8 kHz fork (from the same batch) determined by direct optical measurement of the oscillation amplitude through Michelson interferometry. A comparison of these results has provided absolute values for the critical velocity of the transition to the turbulent state.