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Direct simulation for discrete mixture distributions.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date04/2005
JournalStatistics and Computing
Journal number2
Volume15
Number of pages9
Pages125-133
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We demonstrate how to perform direct simulation for discrete mixture models. The approach is based on directly calculating the posterior distribution using a set of recursions which are similar to those of the Forward-Backward algorithm. Our approach is more practicable than existing perfect simulation methods for mixtures. For example, we analyse 1096 observations from a 2 component Poisson mixture, and 240 observations under a 3 component Poisson mixture (with unknown mixture proportions and Poisson means in each case). Simulating samples of 10,000 perfect realisations took about 17 minutes and an hour respectively on a 900 MHz ultraSPARC computer. Our method can also be used to perform perfect simulation from Markov-dependent mixture models. A byproduct of our approach is that the evidence of our assumed models can be calculated, which enables different models to be compared.