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Does selective logging stress tropical forest invertebrates?: using fat stores to examine sublethal responses in dung beetles

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Does selective logging stress tropical forest invertebrates? using fat stores to examine sublethal responses in dung beetles. / Machado Franca, Filipe; Barlow, Bernard Josiah; Araújo, Bárbara; Louzada, Julio Neil.

In: Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 6, No. 23, 01.12.2016, p. 8526-8533.

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@article{6878df93e9d347d1ac2f43b78c26702d,
title = "Does selective logging stress tropical forest invertebrates?: using fat stores to examine sublethal responses in dung beetles",
abstract = "The increased global demand for tropical timber has driven vast expanses of tropical forests to be selectively logged worldwide. While logging impacts on wildlife are predicted to change species distribution and abundance, the underlying physiological responses are poorly understood. Although there is a growing consensus that selective logging impacts on natural populations start with individual stress-induced sublethal responses, this literature is dominated by investigations conducted with vertebrates from temperate zones. Moreover, the sublethal effects of human-induced forest disturbance on tropical invertebrates have never been examined. To help address this knowledge gap, we examined the body fat content and relative abundance of three dung beetle species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) with minimum abundance of 40 individuals within each examined treatment level. These were sampled across 34 plots in a before-after control-impact design (BACI) in a timber concession area of the Brazilian Amazon. For the first time, we present evidence of logging-induced physiological stress responses in tropical invertebrates. Selective logging increased the individual levels of fat storage and reduced the relative abundance of two dung beetle species. Given this qualitative similarity, we support the measurement of body fat content as reliable biomarker to assess stress-induced sublethal effects on dung beetles. Understanding how environmental modification impacts the wildlife has never been more important. Our novel approach provides new insights into the mechanisms through which forest disturbances impose population-level impacts on tropical invertebrates.",
keywords = "Amazon, conservation physiology, early warning signal, lipid content, physiological stress, reduced-impact logging, sublethal effects, tropical forest",
author = "{Machado Franca}, Filipe and Barlow, {Bernard Josiah} and B{\'a}rbara Ara{\'u}jo and Louzada, {Julio Neil}",
year = "2016",
month = dec
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ece3.2488",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "8526--8533",
journal = "Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2045-7758",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "23",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does selective logging stress tropical forest invertebrates?

T2 - using fat stores to examine sublethal responses in dung beetles

AU - Machado Franca, Filipe

AU - Barlow, Bernard Josiah

AU - Araújo, Bárbara

AU - Louzada, Julio Neil

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - The increased global demand for tropical timber has driven vast expanses of tropical forests to be selectively logged worldwide. While logging impacts on wildlife are predicted to change species distribution and abundance, the underlying physiological responses are poorly understood. Although there is a growing consensus that selective logging impacts on natural populations start with individual stress-induced sublethal responses, this literature is dominated by investigations conducted with vertebrates from temperate zones. Moreover, the sublethal effects of human-induced forest disturbance on tropical invertebrates have never been examined. To help address this knowledge gap, we examined the body fat content and relative abundance of three dung beetle species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) with minimum abundance of 40 individuals within each examined treatment level. These were sampled across 34 plots in a before-after control-impact design (BACI) in a timber concession area of the Brazilian Amazon. For the first time, we present evidence of logging-induced physiological stress responses in tropical invertebrates. Selective logging increased the individual levels of fat storage and reduced the relative abundance of two dung beetle species. Given this qualitative similarity, we support the measurement of body fat content as reliable biomarker to assess stress-induced sublethal effects on dung beetles. Understanding how environmental modification impacts the wildlife has never been more important. Our novel approach provides new insights into the mechanisms through which forest disturbances impose population-level impacts on tropical invertebrates.

AB - The increased global demand for tropical timber has driven vast expanses of tropical forests to be selectively logged worldwide. While logging impacts on wildlife are predicted to change species distribution and abundance, the underlying physiological responses are poorly understood. Although there is a growing consensus that selective logging impacts on natural populations start with individual stress-induced sublethal responses, this literature is dominated by investigations conducted with vertebrates from temperate zones. Moreover, the sublethal effects of human-induced forest disturbance on tropical invertebrates have never been examined. To help address this knowledge gap, we examined the body fat content and relative abundance of three dung beetle species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) with minimum abundance of 40 individuals within each examined treatment level. These were sampled across 34 plots in a before-after control-impact design (BACI) in a timber concession area of the Brazilian Amazon. For the first time, we present evidence of logging-induced physiological stress responses in tropical invertebrates. Selective logging increased the individual levels of fat storage and reduced the relative abundance of two dung beetle species. Given this qualitative similarity, we support the measurement of body fat content as reliable biomarker to assess stress-induced sublethal effects on dung beetles. Understanding how environmental modification impacts the wildlife has never been more important. Our novel approach provides new insights into the mechanisms through which forest disturbances impose population-level impacts on tropical invertebrates.

KW - Amazon

KW - conservation physiology

KW - early warning signal

KW - lipid content

KW - physiological stress

KW - reduced-impact logging

KW - sublethal effects

KW - tropical forest

U2 - 10.1002/ece3.2488

DO - 10.1002/ece3.2488

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

SP - 8526

EP - 8533

JO - Ecology and Evolution

JF - Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2045-7758

IS - 23

ER -