Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article
|Journal publication date||11/09/2009|
|Journal||Physical review letters|
|Number of pages||4|
We investigate the dynamics of the one-dimensional strongly repulsive spin-1/2 Bose-Hubbard model for filling nu <= 1. While at nu = 1 the system is a Hubbard-Mott insulator exhibiting dynamical properties of the Heisenberg ferromagnet, at nu < 1 it is a ferromagnetic liquid with complex spin dynamics. We find that close to the insulator-liquid transition the system admits for a complete separation of spin and density degrees of freedom valid at all energy and momentum scales within the t-J approximation. This allows us to derive the propagator of transverse spin waves and the shape of the magnon peak in the dynamic spin structure factor.