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Dynamical similarity

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Dynamical similarity. / Sloan, David James Austin.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 97, 123541, 28.06.2018.

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Sloan, David James Austin. / Dynamical similarity. In: Physical Review D. 2018 ; Vol. 97.

Bibtex

@article{3948e729791345adbd2a1ac5b74fdb97,
title = "Dynamical similarity",
abstract = "We examine “dynamical similarities” in the Lagrangian framework. These are symmetries of an intrinsically determined physical system under which observables remain unaffected, but the extraneous information is changed. We establish three central results in this context: (i) Given a system with such a symmetry there exists a system of invariants which form a subalgebra of phase space, whose evolution is autonomous; (ii) this subalgebra of autonomous observables evolves as a contact system, in which the frictionlike term describes evolution along the direction of similarity; (iii) the contact Hamiltonian and one-form are invariants, and reproduce the dynamics of the invariants. As the subalgebra of invariants is smaller than phase space, dynamics is determined only in terms of this smaller space. We show how to obtain the contact system from the symplectic system, and the embedding which inverts the process. These results are then illustrated in the case of homogeneous Lagrangians, including flat cosmologies minimally coupled to matter; the n-body problem and homogeneous, anisotropic cosmology.",
author = "Sloan, {David James Austin}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018 American Physical Society ",
year = "2018",
month = jun
day = "28",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.97.123541",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
journal = "Physical Review D",
issn = "1550-7998",
publisher = "American Physical Society",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamical similarity

AU - Sloan, David James Austin

N1 - © 2018 American Physical Society

PY - 2018/6/28

Y1 - 2018/6/28

N2 - We examine “dynamical similarities” in the Lagrangian framework. These are symmetries of an intrinsically determined physical system under which observables remain unaffected, but the extraneous information is changed. We establish three central results in this context: (i) Given a system with such a symmetry there exists a system of invariants which form a subalgebra of phase space, whose evolution is autonomous; (ii) this subalgebra of autonomous observables evolves as a contact system, in which the frictionlike term describes evolution along the direction of similarity; (iii) the contact Hamiltonian and one-form are invariants, and reproduce the dynamics of the invariants. As the subalgebra of invariants is smaller than phase space, dynamics is determined only in terms of this smaller space. We show how to obtain the contact system from the symplectic system, and the embedding which inverts the process. These results are then illustrated in the case of homogeneous Lagrangians, including flat cosmologies minimally coupled to matter; the n-body problem and homogeneous, anisotropic cosmology.

AB - We examine “dynamical similarities” in the Lagrangian framework. These are symmetries of an intrinsically determined physical system under which observables remain unaffected, but the extraneous information is changed. We establish three central results in this context: (i) Given a system with such a symmetry there exists a system of invariants which form a subalgebra of phase space, whose evolution is autonomous; (ii) this subalgebra of autonomous observables evolves as a contact system, in which the frictionlike term describes evolution along the direction of similarity; (iii) the contact Hamiltonian and one-form are invariants, and reproduce the dynamics of the invariants. As the subalgebra of invariants is smaller than phase space, dynamics is determined only in terms of this smaller space. We show how to obtain the contact system from the symplectic system, and the embedding which inverts the process. These results are then illustrated in the case of homogeneous Lagrangians, including flat cosmologies minimally coupled to matter; the n-body problem and homogeneous, anisotropic cosmology.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.123541

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.123541

M3 - Journal article

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review D

JF - Physical Review D

SN - 1550-7998

M1 - 123541

ER -