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Effect of ageing on benzo[a]pyrene extractability in contrasting soils

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>15/10/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Hazardous Materials
Volume296
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)175-184
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date18/04/15
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Changes in benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) extractability over 160 days ageing in four contrasting soils varying in organic matter content and clay mineralogy were investigated using dichloromethane: acetone 1:1 (DCM/Ace), 60mM hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) solution, 1-butanol (BuOH) and Milli-Q water. The B[a]P extractability by the four methods decreased with ageing and a first-order exponential model could be used to describe the kinetics of release. Correlation of the kinetic rate constant with major soil properties showed a significant effect of clay and sand contents and pore volume fraction (<6nm) on sequestration of the desorbable fraction (by HPCD) and the water-extractable fraction. Analysis of (14)C-B[a]P in soils after ageing showed a limited loss of B[a]P via degradation. Fractionation of B[a]P pools associated with the soil matrix was analysed according to extractability of B[a]P by the different extraction methods. A summary of the different fractions is proposed for the illustration of the effect of ageing on different B[a]P-bound fractions in soils. This study provides a better understanding of the B[a]P ageing process associated with different fractions and also emphasises the extraction capacity of the different methods employed.