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EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Speech

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EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence? / Kosch, M. J.; Gustavsson, B.; Blixt, E. M.; Pedersen, T.; Senior, A.; Kavanagh, A. J.; Semeter, J.

2006. 139-142 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8), .

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Speech

Harvard

Kosch, MJ, Gustavsson, B, Blixt, EM, Pedersen, T, Senior, A, Kavanagh, AJ & Semeter, J 2006, 'EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?', Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8), 1/01/00 pp. 139-142.

APA

Kosch, M. J., Gustavsson, B., Blixt, E. M., Pedersen, T., Senior, A., Kavanagh, A. J., & Semeter, J. (2006). EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?. 139-142. Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8), .

Vancouver

Kosch MJ, Gustavsson B, Blixt EM, Pedersen T, Senior A, Kavanagh AJ et al. EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?. 2006. Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8), .

Author

Kosch, M. J. ; Gustavsson, B. ; Blixt, E. M. ; Pedersen, T. ; Senior, A. ; Kavanagh, A. J. ; Semeter, J. / EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?. Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8), .4 p.

Bibtex

@conference{60f02e574ef244d2b73ebcfeaca29d86,
title = "EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?",
abstract = "Black auroras are recognised as spatially well-defined regions within a uniform diffuse auroral background where the optical emission is significantly reduced, or possibly totally absent. Black auroras typically appear post-magnetic midnight and during the substorm recovery phase, but not exclusively so. Their horizontal size is typically 1x5 km, elongated in the east-west direction, and they move predominantly in an eastward direction with a speed of 1-4 km/s. There is no accepted theory for the phenomenon of black aurora, although they seem associated with substorms. We report on the first incoherent scatter radar observations of black aurora by EISCAT, coupled to white-light TV recordings of the phenomenon. From a 2002 observation, we show that non-sheared black auroras are most probably not associated with field-aligned currents. From 2002 and 2003 observations, we show that the apparent motion of the black aurora is most probably controlled by the drift of particles in the magnetosphere and not ExB drift in the ionosphere. The drift speed is therefore dependent on the energy of the precipitating particles forming the diffuse background. From 2005 bi-static observations, we attempt to confirm this by relating the height and propagation speed of the black aurora to precipitating particle energy within the surrounding background diffuse aurora. Hence, the mechanism for black aurora is most probably active within the magnetosphere and substorm associated plasma turbulence within the magnetosphere may account for the optical morphology of the black aurora, in particular the lack of pitch angle diffusion into the loss cone.",
keywords = "Black aurora, eiscat, magnetometer, asc DCS-publications-id, inproc-516, DCS-publications-credits, dasi, iono-fa, samnet, DCS-publications-personnel-id, 7, 51, 9, 193",
author = "Kosch, {M. J.} and B. Gustavsson and Blixt, {E. M.} and T. Pedersen and A. Senior and Kavanagh, {A. J.} and J. Semeter",
year = "2006",
month = mar
language = "English",
pages = "139--142",
note = "Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8) ; Conference date: 01-01-1900",

}

RIS

TY - CONF

T1 - EISCAT radar and optical studies of black aurora: A signature of magnetospheric turbulence?

AU - Kosch, M. J.

AU - Gustavsson, B.

AU - Blixt, E. M.

AU - Pedersen, T.

AU - Senior, A.

AU - Kavanagh, A. J.

AU - Semeter, J.

PY - 2006/3

Y1 - 2006/3

N2 - Black auroras are recognised as spatially well-defined regions within a uniform diffuse auroral background where the optical emission is significantly reduced, or possibly totally absent. Black auroras typically appear post-magnetic midnight and during the substorm recovery phase, but not exclusively so. Their horizontal size is typically 1x5 km, elongated in the east-west direction, and they move predominantly in an eastward direction with a speed of 1-4 km/s. There is no accepted theory for the phenomenon of black aurora, although they seem associated with substorms. We report on the first incoherent scatter radar observations of black aurora by EISCAT, coupled to white-light TV recordings of the phenomenon. From a 2002 observation, we show that non-sheared black auroras are most probably not associated with field-aligned currents. From 2002 and 2003 observations, we show that the apparent motion of the black aurora is most probably controlled by the drift of particles in the magnetosphere and not ExB drift in the ionosphere. The drift speed is therefore dependent on the energy of the precipitating particles forming the diffuse background. From 2005 bi-static observations, we attempt to confirm this by relating the height and propagation speed of the black aurora to precipitating particle energy within the surrounding background diffuse aurora. Hence, the mechanism for black aurora is most probably active within the magnetosphere and substorm associated plasma turbulence within the magnetosphere may account for the optical morphology of the black aurora, in particular the lack of pitch angle diffusion into the loss cone.

AB - Black auroras are recognised as spatially well-defined regions within a uniform diffuse auroral background where the optical emission is significantly reduced, or possibly totally absent. Black auroras typically appear post-magnetic midnight and during the substorm recovery phase, but not exclusively so. Their horizontal size is typically 1x5 km, elongated in the east-west direction, and they move predominantly in an eastward direction with a speed of 1-4 km/s. There is no accepted theory for the phenomenon of black aurora, although they seem associated with substorms. We report on the first incoherent scatter radar observations of black aurora by EISCAT, coupled to white-light TV recordings of the phenomenon. From a 2002 observation, we show that non-sheared black auroras are most probably not associated with field-aligned currents. From 2002 and 2003 observations, we show that the apparent motion of the black aurora is most probably controlled by the drift of particles in the magnetosphere and not ExB drift in the ionosphere. The drift speed is therefore dependent on the energy of the precipitating particles forming the diffuse background. From 2005 bi-static observations, we attempt to confirm this by relating the height and propagation speed of the black aurora to precipitating particle energy within the surrounding background diffuse aurora. Hence, the mechanism for black aurora is most probably active within the magnetosphere and substorm associated plasma turbulence within the magnetosphere may account for the optical morphology of the black aurora, in particular the lack of pitch angle diffusion into the loss cone.

KW - Black aurora

KW - eiscat

KW - magnetometer

KW - asc DCS-publications-id

KW - inproc-516

KW - DCS-publications-credits

KW - dasi

KW - iono-fa

KW - samnet

KW - DCS-publications-personnel-id

KW - 7

KW - 51

KW - 9

KW - 193

M3 - Speech

SP - 139

EP - 142

T2 - Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Substorms (ICS8)

Y2 - 1 January 1900

ER -