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Engineering the thermopower of C60 molecular junctions

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date1/04/2013
JournalNano Letters
Journal number5
Volume13
Number of pages5
Pages2141-2145
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We report the measurement of conductance and thermopower of C60 molecular junctions using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). In contrast to previous measurements, we use the imaging capability of the STM to determine precisely the number of molecules in the junction and measure thermopower and conductance continuously and simultaneously during formation and breaking of the molecular junction, achieving a complete characterization at the single-molecule level. We find that the thermopower of C60 dimers formed by trapping a C60 on the tip and contacting an isolated C60 almost doubles with respect to that of a single C60 and is among the highest values measured to date for organic materials. Density functional theory calculations show that the thermopower and the figure of merit continue increasing with the number of C60 molecules, demonstrating the enhancement of thermoelectric preformance by manipulation of intermolecular interactions.