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Enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser interactions with solid density plasma by multiple reflections and harmonic amplification

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
Article number131102
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/03/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Applied Physics Letters
Issue number13
Volume106
Number of pages4
<mark>State</mark>Published
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

High order harmonic generation (HHG) from laser solid-density plasma interactions is considered as a promising way to generate bright and ultrashort burst of x-rays. One of the key issues for HHG is the low conversion efficiency due to a power law fall off in harmonic intensity. Here, we explore a possible mechanism for HHG enhancement by reflecting an intense laser pulse multiple times between two plasma surfaces. We find that HHG can be nonlinearly enhanced by orders of magnitude through multiple reflections compared with a single reflection. We argue this enhancement is due to the non-linear combination of the relativistically oscillating plasma mirror and the harmonic-rich pulse generated in preceding reflections. This mechanism should allow moderate power laser systems to efficiently generate coherent, ultrashort bursts of soft x-rays. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.