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Estimating phosphorus delivery from land to water in headwater catchments using a fuzzy decision tree approach

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Estimating phosphorus delivery from land to water in headwater catchments using a fuzzy decision tree approach. / Scholefield, Paul; Heathwaite, Louise; Brazier, Richard; Page, Trevor; Beven, Keith; Hodgkinson, Robin; Schaerer, Michael; Withers, Paul; Walling, Des E.; Haygarth, Philip.

In: Soil Use and Management, Vol. 29, No. Suppl. s1, 03.2012, p. 175-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue

Harvard

Scholefield, P, Heathwaite, L, Brazier, R, Page, T, Beven, K, Hodgkinson, R, Schaerer, M, Withers, P, Walling, DE & Haygarth, P 2012, 'Estimating phosphorus delivery from land to water in headwater catchments using a fuzzy decision tree approach', Soil Use and Management, vol. 29, no. Suppl. s1, pp. 175-186. https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12007

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Author

Scholefield, Paul ; Heathwaite, Louise ; Brazier, Richard ; Page, Trevor ; Beven, Keith ; Hodgkinson, Robin ; Schaerer, Michael ; Withers, Paul ; Walling, Des E. ; Haygarth, Philip. / Estimating phosphorus delivery from land to water in headwater catchments using a fuzzy decision tree approach. In: Soil Use and Management. 2012 ; Vol. 29, No. Suppl. s1. pp. 175-186.

Bibtex

@article{1d4991db118f49acbbb2c87ff5a583f0,
title = "Estimating phosphorus delivery from land to water in headwater catchments using a fuzzy decision tree approach",
abstract = "The pathway that delivers mobilized phosphorus (P) from source to surface water is conceptually complex. Firstly P mobilization itself, either through mechanical disturbance of the soil, or through chemical dissolution or weathering is difficult to measure in situ, secondly the annual flow weighted mean concentration of P is a difficult metric to gather. Summarizing these pathway processes as the ratio of the delivered P to the mobilized fraction of P assists in the quantification and assessment of the P transfer continuum. The proportion of this mobilized P that is subsequently delivered to the watercourse is also difficult to quantify. A range of P models already exist that aim to predict P mobilization and delivery. Reasonable estimates can be made for the outputs of P from a plot or small catchment over a series of events. Current models mainly rely on empirical data or expert judgment to derive appropriate coefficients of P transfer and delivery. This paper describes research designed to evaluate the range of delivery coefficients from headwater catchments that might be anticipated for different land use regions across the UK. These coefficients were evaluated within a fuzzy decision tree framework. The delivery coefficients used in this study covered a broad range of possible values from all available data describing P fluxes from headwater catchments in the UK. The results of this work indicate that delivery coefficients are a useful way of summarising the mobilisation behaviour of a headwater catchment. Mean delivery coefficients above unity were present in 4 of 18 catchments, indicating higher than average delivery, probably due to intensive agricultural management practices. This first use of a fuzzy or uncertain approach to model P delivery in the UK has generated potentially promising results, and a methodology has been developed for producing delivery coefficients using sparse data, which may be applicable to other headwater catchments.",
keywords = "Phosphorus, Agriculture, Soil Hydrology, Statistics, Land Evaluation, Sustainable land use",
author = "Paul Scholefield and Louise Heathwaite and Richard Brazier and Trevor Page and Keith Beven and Robin Hodgkinson and Michael Schaerer and Paul Withers and Walling, {Des E.} and Philip Haygarth",
year = "2012",
month = mar
doi = "10.1111/sum.12007",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "175--186",
journal = "Soil Use and Management",
issn = "0266-0032",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "Suppl. s1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating phosphorus delivery from land to water in headwater catchments using a fuzzy decision tree approach

AU - Scholefield, Paul

AU - Heathwaite, Louise

AU - Brazier, Richard

AU - Page, Trevor

AU - Beven, Keith

AU - Hodgkinson, Robin

AU - Schaerer, Michael

AU - Withers, Paul

AU - Walling, Des E.

AU - Haygarth, Philip

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - The pathway that delivers mobilized phosphorus (P) from source to surface water is conceptually complex. Firstly P mobilization itself, either through mechanical disturbance of the soil, or through chemical dissolution or weathering is difficult to measure in situ, secondly the annual flow weighted mean concentration of P is a difficult metric to gather. Summarizing these pathway processes as the ratio of the delivered P to the mobilized fraction of P assists in the quantification and assessment of the P transfer continuum. The proportion of this mobilized P that is subsequently delivered to the watercourse is also difficult to quantify. A range of P models already exist that aim to predict P mobilization and delivery. Reasonable estimates can be made for the outputs of P from a plot or small catchment over a series of events. Current models mainly rely on empirical data or expert judgment to derive appropriate coefficients of P transfer and delivery. This paper describes research designed to evaluate the range of delivery coefficients from headwater catchments that might be anticipated for different land use regions across the UK. These coefficients were evaluated within a fuzzy decision tree framework. The delivery coefficients used in this study covered a broad range of possible values from all available data describing P fluxes from headwater catchments in the UK. The results of this work indicate that delivery coefficients are a useful way of summarising the mobilisation behaviour of a headwater catchment. Mean delivery coefficients above unity were present in 4 of 18 catchments, indicating higher than average delivery, probably due to intensive agricultural management practices. This first use of a fuzzy or uncertain approach to model P delivery in the UK has generated potentially promising results, and a methodology has been developed for producing delivery coefficients using sparse data, which may be applicable to other headwater catchments.

AB - The pathway that delivers mobilized phosphorus (P) from source to surface water is conceptually complex. Firstly P mobilization itself, either through mechanical disturbance of the soil, or through chemical dissolution or weathering is difficult to measure in situ, secondly the annual flow weighted mean concentration of P is a difficult metric to gather. Summarizing these pathway processes as the ratio of the delivered P to the mobilized fraction of P assists in the quantification and assessment of the P transfer continuum. The proportion of this mobilized P that is subsequently delivered to the watercourse is also difficult to quantify. A range of P models already exist that aim to predict P mobilization and delivery. Reasonable estimates can be made for the outputs of P from a plot or small catchment over a series of events. Current models mainly rely on empirical data or expert judgment to derive appropriate coefficients of P transfer and delivery. This paper describes research designed to evaluate the range of delivery coefficients from headwater catchments that might be anticipated for different land use regions across the UK. These coefficients were evaluated within a fuzzy decision tree framework. The delivery coefficients used in this study covered a broad range of possible values from all available data describing P fluxes from headwater catchments in the UK. The results of this work indicate that delivery coefficients are a useful way of summarising the mobilisation behaviour of a headwater catchment. Mean delivery coefficients above unity were present in 4 of 18 catchments, indicating higher than average delivery, probably due to intensive agricultural management practices. This first use of a fuzzy or uncertain approach to model P delivery in the UK has generated potentially promising results, and a methodology has been developed for producing delivery coefficients using sparse data, which may be applicable to other headwater catchments.

KW - Phosphorus

KW - Agriculture

KW - Soil Hydrology

KW - Statistics

KW - Land Evaluation

KW - Sustainable land use

U2 - 10.1111/sum.12007

DO - 10.1111/sum.12007

M3 - Special issue

VL - 29

SP - 175

EP - 186

JO - Soil Use and Management

JF - Soil Use and Management

SN - 0266-0032

IS - Suppl. s1

ER -