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Evaluation of polishing damage in alumina

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • I. Pape
  • C. W. Lawrence
  • P. D. Warren
  • S. G. Roberts
  • G. Andrew D. Briggs
  • Oleg Kolosov
  • A. W. Hey
  • C. F. Paines
  • B. K. Tanner
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>08/2000
<mark>Journal</mark>Philosophical Magazine A
Issue number8
Number of pages22
Pages (from-to)1913-1934
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Grazing incidence X-ray scattering and line focus acoustic microscopy have been applied to the study of grinding, lapping and polishing processes on alumina. Changes as a function of polishing time ill the near-surface density, measured from the critical angle for total external reflection of X-rays, were related to changes in the beating area and surface morphology. No relation was found between the micrometre-scale roughness measured by a stylus instrument and the integrated diffuse scatter, the latter being related to the nanometre-scale roughness on the top of the polished mesas remaining after grain pull-out during the grinding and lapping process. The surface acoustic wave velocity was also found to vary with polishing time. These changes cannot be ascribed to changes in roughness and are believed to measure changes in the residual crack density.