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Extracting random numbers from quantum tunnelling through a single diode

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Extracting random numbers from quantum tunnelling through a single diode. / Bernardo Gavito, Ramon; Bagci, Ibrahim Ethem; Roberts, Jonny; Sexton, J.; Astbury, Benjamin; Shokeir, Hamzah; Mcgrath, Thomas; Noori, Yasir; Woodhead, Christopher; Missous, Mohammed; Roedig, Utz; Young, Robert James.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, 17879, 19.12.2017.

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@article{94fe012f204345ddb809404b3a59cfdc,
title = "Extracting random numbers from quantum tunnelling through a single diode",
abstract = "Random number generation is crucial in many aspects of everyday life, as online security and privacy depend ultimately on the quality of random numbers. Many current implementations are based on pseudo-random number generators, but information security requires true random numbers for sensitive applications like key generation in banking, defence or even social media. True random number generators are systems whose outputs cannot be determined, even if their internal structure and response history are known. Sources of quantum noise are thus ideal for this application due to their intrinsic uncertainty. In this work, we propose using resonant tunnelling diodes as practical true random number generators based on a quantum mechanical effect. The output of the proposed devices can be directly used as a random stream of bits or can be further distilled using randomness extraction algorithms, depending on the application.",
keywords = "Electrical and electronic engineering, Electronic and spintronic devices",
author = "{Bernardo Gavito}, Ramon and Bagci, {Ibrahim Ethem} and Jonny Roberts and J. Sexton and Benjamin Astbury and Hamzah Shokeir and Thomas Mcgrath and Yasir Noori and Christopher Woodhead and Mohammed Missous and Utz Roedig and Young, {Robert James}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-017-18161-9",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extracting random numbers from quantum tunnelling through a single diode

AU - Bernardo Gavito, Ramon

AU - Bagci, Ibrahim Ethem

AU - Roberts, Jonny

AU - Sexton, J.

AU - Astbury, Benjamin

AU - Shokeir, Hamzah

AU - Mcgrath, Thomas

AU - Noori, Yasir

AU - Woodhead, Christopher

AU - Missous, Mohammed

AU - Roedig, Utz

AU - Young, Robert James

PY - 2017/12/19

Y1 - 2017/12/19

N2 - Random number generation is crucial in many aspects of everyday life, as online security and privacy depend ultimately on the quality of random numbers. Many current implementations are based on pseudo-random number generators, but information security requires true random numbers for sensitive applications like key generation in banking, defence or even social media. True random number generators are systems whose outputs cannot be determined, even if their internal structure and response history are known. Sources of quantum noise are thus ideal for this application due to their intrinsic uncertainty. In this work, we propose using resonant tunnelling diodes as practical true random number generators based on a quantum mechanical effect. The output of the proposed devices can be directly used as a random stream of bits or can be further distilled using randomness extraction algorithms, depending on the application.

AB - Random number generation is crucial in many aspects of everyday life, as online security and privacy depend ultimately on the quality of random numbers. Many current implementations are based on pseudo-random number generators, but information security requires true random numbers for sensitive applications like key generation in banking, defence or even social media. True random number generators are systems whose outputs cannot be determined, even if their internal structure and response history are known. Sources of quantum noise are thus ideal for this application due to their intrinsic uncertainty. In this work, we propose using resonant tunnelling diodes as practical true random number generators based on a quantum mechanical effect. The output of the proposed devices can be directly used as a random stream of bits or can be further distilled using randomness extraction algorithms, depending on the application.

KW - Electrical and electronic engineering

KW - Electronic and spintronic devices

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-017-18161-9

DO - 10.1038/s41598-017-18161-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 17879

ER -