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Extreme-value graphical models with multiple covariates

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2014
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number21
Volume62
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)5734-5747
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

To assess the risk of extreme events such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and floods, it is crucial to develop accurate extreme-value statistical models. Extreme events often display heterogeneity (i.e., nonstationarity), varying continuously with a number of covariates. Previous studies have suggested that models considering covariate effects lead to reliable estimates of extreme events distributions. In this paper, we develop a novel statistical model to incorporate the effects of multiple covariates. Specifically, we analyze as an example the extreme sea states in the Gulf of Mexico, where the distribution of extreme wave heights changes systematically with location and storm direction. In the proposed model, the block maximum at each location and sector of wind direction are assumed to follow the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution. The GEV parameters are coupled across the spatio-directional domain through a graphical model, in particular, a three-dimensional (3D) thin-membrane model. Efficient learning and inference algorithms are developed based on the special characteristics of the thin-membrane model. We further show how to extend the model to incorporate an arbitrary number of covariates in a straightforward manner. Numerical results for both synthetic and real data indicate that the proposed model can accurately describe marginal behaviors of extreme events. © 2014 IEEE.