We show that Friedel oscillations (FO) in grapehene are strongly affected by the chirality of electrons in this material. In particular, the FO of the charge density around an impurity show a faster (~r-3) decay than in conventional 2D electron systems and do not contribute to a linear temperature-dependent correction to the resistivity. In contrast, the FO of the exchange field which surrounds atomically sharp defects breaking the hexagonal symmetry of the honeycomb lattice lead to a negative linear T dependence of the resistivity.
We have predicted that Friedel oscillations around a defect in monolayer graphene are strongly affected by the chirality of electrons in this material and sensitive to the symmetry of the defect. The calculated density and temperature dependence of the graphene conductivity explained numerous experimental results. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Physics