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Gambling harm and crime careers

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Gambling harm and crime careers. / May-Chahal, Corinne Anne; Humphreys, Leslie Neal; Clifton, Alison Kay; Francis, Brian Joseph; Reith, Gerda.

In: Journal of Gambling Studies, Vol. 33, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 65-84.

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May-Chahal, Corinne Anne ; Humphreys, Leslie Neal ; Clifton, Alison Kay ; Francis, Brian Joseph ; Reith, Gerda. / Gambling harm and crime careers. In: Journal of Gambling Studies. 2017 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 65-84.

Bibtex

@article{e18fa6da51d0466fbea563ac5f1ae3b9,
title = "Gambling harm and crime careers",
abstract = "Incarcerated populations across the world have been found to be consistently and significantly more vulnerable to problem gambling than general populations in the same countries. In an effort to gain a more specific understanding of this vulnerability the present study applied latent class analysis and criminal career theory to gambling data collected from a sample of English and Scottish, male and female prisoners (N=1057). The analysis found six clusters measured by responses to the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), primarily distinguished by loss chasing behaviour. Longitudinal offending data drawn from the Police National Computer database found four criminal career types, distinguished by frequency and persistence over time. A significant association was found between higher level loss chasing and high rate offending in criminal careers. High rate offenders whose offending peaked in their mid 20’s were 5.3 times more likely to be higher level loss chasers and high rate chronic persistent offenders 3.7 times more likely than other criminal career types. Theories that link gambling, offending and impulse control are discussed and targeted interventions are proposed.",
keywords = "Criminal careers , Gambling harm , Prisons , Latent class analysis , Substance use, Impulse control",
author = "May-Chahal, {Corinne Anne} and Humphreys, {Leslie Neal} and Clifton, {Alison Kay} and Francis, {Brian Joseph} and Gerda Reith",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-016-9612-z",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10899-016-9612-z",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "65--84",
journal = "Journal of Gambling Studies",
issn = "1050-5350",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gambling harm and crime careers

AU - May-Chahal, Corinne Anne

AU - Humphreys, Leslie Neal

AU - Clifton, Alison Kay

AU - Francis, Brian Joseph

AU - Reith, Gerda

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-016-9612-z

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Incarcerated populations across the world have been found to be consistently and significantly more vulnerable to problem gambling than general populations in the same countries. In an effort to gain a more specific understanding of this vulnerability the present study applied latent class analysis and criminal career theory to gambling data collected from a sample of English and Scottish, male and female prisoners (N=1057). The analysis found six clusters measured by responses to the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), primarily distinguished by loss chasing behaviour. Longitudinal offending data drawn from the Police National Computer database found four criminal career types, distinguished by frequency and persistence over time. A significant association was found between higher level loss chasing and high rate offending in criminal careers. High rate offenders whose offending peaked in their mid 20’s were 5.3 times more likely to be higher level loss chasers and high rate chronic persistent offenders 3.7 times more likely than other criminal career types. Theories that link gambling, offending and impulse control are discussed and targeted interventions are proposed.

AB - Incarcerated populations across the world have been found to be consistently and significantly more vulnerable to problem gambling than general populations in the same countries. In an effort to gain a more specific understanding of this vulnerability the present study applied latent class analysis and criminal career theory to gambling data collected from a sample of English and Scottish, male and female prisoners (N=1057). The analysis found six clusters measured by responses to the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), primarily distinguished by loss chasing behaviour. Longitudinal offending data drawn from the Police National Computer database found four criminal career types, distinguished by frequency and persistence over time. A significant association was found between higher level loss chasing and high rate offending in criminal careers. High rate offenders whose offending peaked in their mid 20’s were 5.3 times more likely to be higher level loss chasers and high rate chronic persistent offenders 3.7 times more likely than other criminal career types. Theories that link gambling, offending and impulse control are discussed and targeted interventions are proposed.

KW - Criminal careers

KW - Gambling harm

KW - Prisons

KW - Latent class analysis

KW - Substance use

KW - Impulse control

U2 - 10.1007/s10899-016-9612-z

DO - 10.1007/s10899-016-9612-z

M3 - Journal article

VL - 33

SP - 65

EP - 84

JO - Journal of Gambling Studies

JF - Journal of Gambling Studies

SN - 1050-5350

IS - 1

ER -