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Gate-sharing and talent distribution in the English Football League

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2014
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of the Economics of Business
Issue number3
Volume21
Number of pages17
Pages (from-to)413-429
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date28/08/14
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Using a database of the movements of more than 2,000 professional footballers in the top two divisions of the English Football League between 1969 and 1995, this article examines the impact on talent distribution via the movement of players after abolition of gate revenue sharing in 1983. We compare the results with the predictions of the Walrasian and Nash theoretical models presented in the sports economics literature. Our key finding is that the termination of gate revenue sharing brought about increased rates of transfers of quality players towards top division teams. We also find that there is an increased probability that better quality players will be transferred within divisions to bigger teams. These results go against one of the main theoretical predictions of the sports economics literature – that gate sharing will have no effect on competitive balance. Instead, they offer support for models based on win maximisation rather than profit maximisation.