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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cognition. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cognition, 176, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014

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Grammatical gender affects gender perception: Evidence for the structural-feedback hypothesis

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Grammatical gender affects gender perception : Evidence for the structural-feedback hypothesis. / Sato, Sayaka; Athanasopoulos, Panos.

In: Cognition, Vol. 176, 07.2018, p. 220-231.

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@article{5a93946d45c040b59768f319f32c826e,
title = "Grammatical gender affects gender perception: Evidence for the structural-feedback hypothesis",
abstract = "Two experiments assessed the extent to which grammatical gender provides a predictive basis for bilinguals’ judgments about perceptual gender. In both experiments, French-English bilinguals and native English monolinguals were consecutively presented with images of objects manipulated for their (i) conceptual gender association and (ii) grammatical gender category and were instructed to make a decision on a subsequent target face. The experiments differed in the implicitness of the association between the object primes and target faces. Results revealed that when prior knowledge sources such as conceptual gender can be strategically used to resolve the immediate task (Experiment 1), this information was readily extracted and employed. However, grammatical gender demonstrated a more robust and persisting effect on the bilinguals’ judgments, indicating that the retrieval of obligatory grammatical information is automatic and modulates perceptual judgments (Experiment 2). These results suggest that grammar enables an effective and robust means to access prior knowledge which may be independent of task requirements.",
keywords = "Linguistic relativity, Bilingualism, Categorization, Grammatical gender, Conceptual gender",
author = "Sayaka Sato and Panos Athanasopoulos",
note = "This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cognition. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cognition, 176, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "220--231",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Grammatical gender affects gender perception

T2 - Evidence for the structural-feedback hypothesis

AU - Sato, Sayaka

AU - Athanasopoulos, Panos

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cognition. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cognition, 176, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014

PY - 2018/7

Y1 - 2018/7

N2 - Two experiments assessed the extent to which grammatical gender provides a predictive basis for bilinguals’ judgments about perceptual gender. In both experiments, French-English bilinguals and native English monolinguals were consecutively presented with images of objects manipulated for their (i) conceptual gender association and (ii) grammatical gender category and were instructed to make a decision on a subsequent target face. The experiments differed in the implicitness of the association between the object primes and target faces. Results revealed that when prior knowledge sources such as conceptual gender can be strategically used to resolve the immediate task (Experiment 1), this information was readily extracted and employed. However, grammatical gender demonstrated a more robust and persisting effect on the bilinguals’ judgments, indicating that the retrieval of obligatory grammatical information is automatic and modulates perceptual judgments (Experiment 2). These results suggest that grammar enables an effective and robust means to access prior knowledge which may be independent of task requirements.

AB - Two experiments assessed the extent to which grammatical gender provides a predictive basis for bilinguals’ judgments about perceptual gender. In both experiments, French-English bilinguals and native English monolinguals were consecutively presented with images of objects manipulated for their (i) conceptual gender association and (ii) grammatical gender category and were instructed to make a decision on a subsequent target face. The experiments differed in the implicitness of the association between the object primes and target faces. Results revealed that when prior knowledge sources such as conceptual gender can be strategically used to resolve the immediate task (Experiment 1), this information was readily extracted and employed. However, grammatical gender demonstrated a more robust and persisting effect on the bilinguals’ judgments, indicating that the retrieval of obligatory grammatical information is automatic and modulates perceptual judgments (Experiment 2). These results suggest that grammar enables an effective and robust means to access prior knowledge which may be independent of task requirements.

KW - Linguistic relativity

KW - Bilingualism

KW - Categorization

KW - Grammatical gender

KW - Conceptual gender

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014

M3 - Journal article

VL - 176

SP - 220

EP - 231

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

ER -