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  • 1703.05885

    Rights statement: © 2020 American Physical Society

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Heat and Work Along Individual Trajectories of a Quantum Bit

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
  • M. Naghiloo
  • D. Tan
  • P.M. Harrington
  • J.J. Alonso
  • E. Lutz
  • A. Romito
  • K.W. Murch
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Article number110604
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>20/03/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical review letters
Issue number11
Volume124
Number of pages7
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date17/03/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

We use a near quantum limited detector to experimentally track individual quantum state trajectories of a driven qubit formed by the hybridization of a waveguide cavity and a transmon circuit. For each measured quantum coherent trajectory, we separately identify energy changes of the qubit as heat and work, and verify the first law of thermodynamics for an open quantum system. We further establish the consistency of these results by comparison with the master equation approach and the two-projective-measurement scheme, both for open and closed dynamics, with the help of a quantum feedback loop that compensates for the exchanged heat and effectively isolates the qubit.

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© 2020 American Physical Society