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Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere

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Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. / Aschmann, J.; Sinnhuber, B-M.; Chipperfield, M. P.; Hossaini, R.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , Vol. 11, No. 6, 22.03.2011, p. 2671-2687.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Aschmann, J, Sinnhuber, B-M, Chipperfield, MP & Hossaini, R 2011, 'Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 2671-2687. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-2671-2011

APA

Aschmann, J., Sinnhuber, B-M., Chipperfield, M. P., & Hossaini, R. (2011). Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , 11(6), 2671-2687. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-2671-2011

Vancouver

Aschmann J, Sinnhuber B-M, Chipperfield MP, Hossaini R. Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2011 Mar 22;11(6):2671-2687. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-2671-2011

Author

Aschmann, J. ; Sinnhuber, B-M. ; Chipperfield, M. P. ; Hossaini, R. / Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2011 ; Vol. 11, No. 6. pp. 2671-2687.

Bibtex

@article{4f7bc082135f44d6b20379ae48ee996e,
title = "Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere",
abstract = " Stratospheric bromine loading due to very short-lived substances is investigated with a three-dimensional chemical transport model over a period of 21 years using meteorological input data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ERA-Interim reanalysis from 1989 to the end of 2009. Within this framework we analyze the impact of dehydration and deep convection on the amount of stratospheric bromine using an idealized and a detailed full chemistry approach. We model the two most important brominated short-lived substances, bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2), assuming a uniform convective detrainment mixing ratio of 1 part per trillion by volume (pptv) for both species. The contribution of very short-lived substances to stratospheric bromine varies drastically with the applied dehydration mechanism and the associated scavenging of soluble species ranging from 3.4 pptv in the idealized setup up to 5 pptv using the full chemistry scheme. In the latter case virtually the entire amount of bromine originating from very short-lived source gases is able to reach the stratosphere thus rendering the impact of dehydration and scavenging on inorganic bromine in the tropopause insignificant. Furthermore, our long-term calculations show that the mixing ratios of very short-lived substances are strongly correlated to convective activity, i.e. intensified convection leads to higher amounts of very short-lived substances in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere especially under extreme conditions like El Ni{\~n}o seasons. However, this does not apply to the inorganic brominated product gases whose concentrations are anti-correlated to convective activity mainly due to convective dilution and possible scavenging, depending on the applied approach.",
keywords = "TROPICAL TROPOPAUSE LAYER, WATER-VAPOR, BR-Y, TRANSPORT, CHEMISTRY, MODEL, BROMOFORM, DIBROMOMETHANE, UNCERTAINTIES, SIMULATIONS",
author = "J. Aschmann and B-M. Sinnhuber and Chipperfield, {M. P.} and R. Hossaini",
year = "2011",
month = mar,
day = "22",
doi = "10.5194/acp-11-2671-2011",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "2671--2687",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics ",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications) on behalf of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere

AU - Aschmann, J.

AU - Sinnhuber, B-M.

AU - Chipperfield, M. P.

AU - Hossaini, R.

PY - 2011/3/22

Y1 - 2011/3/22

N2 - Stratospheric bromine loading due to very short-lived substances is investigated with a three-dimensional chemical transport model over a period of 21 years using meteorological input data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ERA-Interim reanalysis from 1989 to the end of 2009. Within this framework we analyze the impact of dehydration and deep convection on the amount of stratospheric bromine using an idealized and a detailed full chemistry approach. We model the two most important brominated short-lived substances, bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2), assuming a uniform convective detrainment mixing ratio of 1 part per trillion by volume (pptv) for both species. The contribution of very short-lived substances to stratospheric bromine varies drastically with the applied dehydration mechanism and the associated scavenging of soluble species ranging from 3.4 pptv in the idealized setup up to 5 pptv using the full chemistry scheme. In the latter case virtually the entire amount of bromine originating from very short-lived source gases is able to reach the stratosphere thus rendering the impact of dehydration and scavenging on inorganic bromine in the tropopause insignificant. Furthermore, our long-term calculations show that the mixing ratios of very short-lived substances are strongly correlated to convective activity, i.e. intensified convection leads to higher amounts of very short-lived substances in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere especially under extreme conditions like El Niño seasons. However, this does not apply to the inorganic brominated product gases whose concentrations are anti-correlated to convective activity mainly due to convective dilution and possible scavenging, depending on the applied approach.

AB - Stratospheric bromine loading due to very short-lived substances is investigated with a three-dimensional chemical transport model over a period of 21 years using meteorological input data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ERA-Interim reanalysis from 1989 to the end of 2009. Within this framework we analyze the impact of dehydration and deep convection on the amount of stratospheric bromine using an idealized and a detailed full chemistry approach. We model the two most important brominated short-lived substances, bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2), assuming a uniform convective detrainment mixing ratio of 1 part per trillion by volume (pptv) for both species. The contribution of very short-lived substances to stratospheric bromine varies drastically with the applied dehydration mechanism and the associated scavenging of soluble species ranging from 3.4 pptv in the idealized setup up to 5 pptv using the full chemistry scheme. In the latter case virtually the entire amount of bromine originating from very short-lived source gases is able to reach the stratosphere thus rendering the impact of dehydration and scavenging on inorganic bromine in the tropopause insignificant. Furthermore, our long-term calculations show that the mixing ratios of very short-lived substances are strongly correlated to convective activity, i.e. intensified convection leads to higher amounts of very short-lived substances in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere especially under extreme conditions like El Niño seasons. However, this does not apply to the inorganic brominated product gases whose concentrations are anti-correlated to convective activity mainly due to convective dilution and possible scavenging, depending on the applied approach.

KW - TROPICAL TROPOPAUSE LAYER

KW - WATER-VAPOR

KW - BR-Y

KW - TRANSPORT

KW - CHEMISTRY

KW - MODEL

KW - BROMOFORM

KW - DIBROMOMETHANE

KW - UNCERTAINTIES

KW - SIMULATIONS

U2 - 10.5194/acp-11-2671-2011

DO - 10.5194/acp-11-2671-2011

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

SP - 2671

EP - 2687

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

IS - 6

ER -