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  • 1707.03176v1

    Rights statement: © 2017 American Physical Society

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Interacting Majorana chain: Transport properties and signatures of an emergent two-dimensional weak topological phase

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Article number205442
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>28/11/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical review B
Issue number20
Volume96
Number of pages9
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

We study a one-dimensional (1D) chain of $2N$ Majorana bound states, which interact through a local quartic interaction. This model describes for example the edge physics of a quasi 1D stack of $2N$ Kitaev chains with modified time-reversal symmetry $T\gamma_iT^{-1}=\gamma_i$, which precludes the presence of quadratic coupling. The ground state of our 1D Majorana chain displays a four-fold periodicity in $N$, corresponding to the four distinct topological classes of the stacked Kitaev chains. We analyze the transport properties of the 1D Majorana chain, when probed by local conductors located at its ends. We find that for finite but large $N$, the scattering matrix partially reflects the four-fold periodicity, and the chain exhibits strikingly different transport properties for different chain lengths. In the thermodynamic limit, the 1D Majorana chain hosts a robust many-body zero mode, which indicates that the corresponding stacked two-dimensional bulk system realizes a weak topological phase.

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© 2017 American Physical Society