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Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Drivers of Extreme Geomagnetic Field Fluctuations

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Abstract

Unpublished
Publication date18/01/2019
Number of pages1
Original languageEnglish
EventRAS Specialist Discussion Meeting: Global Response of the Terrestrial Magnetosphere during Storms and Substorms - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 8/02/2019 → …
http://ras.ac.uk/events-and-meetings/ras-meetings/global-response-terrestrial-magnetosphere-during-storms-and

Conference

ConferenceRAS Specialist Discussion Meeting: Global Response of the Terrestrial Magnetosphere during Storms and Substorms
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period8/02/19 → …
Internet address

Abstract

The statistics of unusually high rates of change in the horizontal component of the geomagnetic field (dB/dt) are a useful indicator of the likelihood of damaging geomagnetically induced currents (GIC) in ground-based infrastructure such as electricity networks. Using extreme value theory [Coles, 2001] we present a global model of the probability of extreme |dB/dt| based on several decades of measurements from 125 magnetometers worldwide, with time cadences (dt) ranging from 1 to 60 minutes. The occurrence rate of peaks above the 99.97th percentile is a function of magnetic latitude, magnetic local time, month, sunspot number, and the direction of the field fluctuation. This information may be used to improve the extreme value model. The patterns of occurrence will be presented and compared with previously studied distributions of Sudden Commencements, Pc5 ULF waves, and substorm onsets, giving insight into the relative importance of these drivers in GIC modelling. Reference: S. Coles, An introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values, Springer-Verlag London ltd, 2001.