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Magnitude of perceived change in natural images may be linearly proportional to differences in neuronal firing rates

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • David J. Tolhurst
  • Michelle P. S. To
  • Mazviita Chirimuuta
  • Tom Troscianko
  • Pei-Ying Chua
  • P. George Lovell
Journal publication date2010
JournalSeeing and Perceiving
Journal number4
Volume23
Number of pages24
Pages349-372
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We are studying how people perceive naturalistic suprathreshold changes in the colour, size, shape or location of items in images of natural scenes, using magnitude estimation ratings to characterise the sizes of the perceived changes in coloured photographs. We have implemented a computational model that tries to explain observers' ratings of these naturalistic differences between image pairs. We model the action-potential firing rates of millions of neurons, having linear and non-linear summation behaviour closely modelled on real VI neurons. The numerical parameters of the model's sigmoidal transducer function are set by optimising the same model to experiments on contrast discrimination (contrast 'dippers') on monochrome photographs of natural scenes. The model, optimised on a stimulus-intensity domain in an experiment reminiscent of the Weber-Fechner relation, then produces tolerable predictions of the ratings for most kinds of naturalistic image change. Importantly, rating rises roughly linearly with the model's numerical output, which represents differences in neuronal firing rate in response to the two images under comparison; this implies that rating is proportional to the neuronal response.