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Measurement of the polarization of the $Υ(1S)$ and $Υ(2S)$ states in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$1.96 TeV

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Article number182004
Journal publication date17/04/2008
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Number of pages7
Original languageEnglish


We present a study of the polarization of the $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$ states using a $1.3 $ fb$^{-1}$ data sample collected by the D0 experiment in 2002--2006 during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We measure the polarization parameter $\alpha=(\sigma_{T}-2\sigma_{L})/(\sigma_{T}+2\sigma_{L})$, where $\sigma_{T}$ and $\sigma_{L}$ are the transversely and longitudinally polarized components of the production cross section, as a function of the transverse momentum ($p_{T}^{\Upsilon}$) for the $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$. Significant $p_{T}^{\Upsilon}$-dependent longitudinal polarization is observed for the $\Upsilon(1S)$. A comparison with theoretical models is presented.

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© 2008 The American Physical Society