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    Rights statement: R. Degl'Innocenti, Stephen J. Kindness, Nikita W. Almond, Binbin Wei, Robert Wallis, Varun S. Kamboj, Philipp Braeuninger-Weimer, Stephan Hofmann, Harvey E. Beere, David A. Ritchie "Metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators for the active control of terahertz quantum cascade lasers" Proceedings Volume 10756, Terahertz Emitters, Receivers, and Applications IX; 107560U (2018) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2320506 Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2018, San Diego, California, United States Copyright notice format: Copyright 2018) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. DOI abstract link format: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2320506

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Metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators for the active control of terahertz quantum cascade lasers

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
  • R. Degl'Innocenti
  • S.J. Kindness
  • N.W. Almond
  • B. Wei
  • R. Wallis
  • V.S. Kamboj
  • P. Braeuninger-Weimer
  • S. Hofmann
  • H.E. Beere
  • D.A. Ritchie
  • Razeghi M. (Editor)
  • Baranov A.N. (Editor)
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Article number107560U
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>26/09/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Proceedings of SPIE
Volume10756
Number of pages10
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Hybrid metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators have been implemented as external optoelectronic mirrors in external cavity configurations with terahertz quantum cascade lasers (QCLs). These devices' tunability is accomplished via the interplay between metamaterial resonant units, normally engineered in mm-size arrays, and graphene. The integration of these devices in external cavity QCLs offers unique emission features and realizes an unprecedented studied regime. The implementation of an external amplitude modulation allows the full switching of laser emission in single mode operation by electrostatically gating graphene. The introduction of more dispersive tunable architectures in frequency modulators yields additionally an all-electronic spectral laser bistability. © 2018 SPIE.

Bibliographic note

R. Degl'Innocenti, Stephen J. Kindness, Nikita W. Almond, Binbin Wei, Robert Wallis, Varun S. Kamboj, Philipp Braeuninger-Weimer, Stephan Hofmann, Harvey E. Beere, David A. Ritchie "Metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators for the active control of terahertz quantum cascade lasers" Proceedings Volume 10756, Terahertz Emitters, Receivers, and Applications IX; 107560U (2018) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2320506 Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2018, San Diego, California, United States Copyright notice format: Copyright 2018) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. DOI abstract link format: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2320506