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New evidence that the Alzheimer β-amyloid peptide does not spontaneously form free radicals: An ESR study using a series of spin-traps.

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New evidence that the Alzheimer β-amyloid peptide does not spontaneously form free radicals: An ESR study using a series of spin-traps. / Turnbull, Stuart; Tabner, Brian J.; El-Agnaf, Omar M. A.; Twyman, Lance J.; Allsop, David.

In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Vol. 30, No. 10, 15.05.2001, p. 1154-1162.

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Turnbull, Stuart ; Tabner, Brian J. ; El-Agnaf, Omar M. A. ; Twyman, Lance J. ; Allsop, David. / New evidence that the Alzheimer β-amyloid peptide does not spontaneously form free radicals: An ESR study using a series of spin-traps. In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2001 ; Vol. 30, No. 10. pp. 1154-1162.

Bibtex

@article{3e3121ca83f849cc98ca69df20cbb672,
title = "New evidence that the Alzheimer β-amyloid peptide does not spontaneously form free radicals: An ESR study using a series of spin-traps.",
abstract = "The direct formation of free radicals from Aβ has been suggested to be a key neurotoxic mechanism in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We have explored the possibility of the spontaneous formation of peptide-derived free radicals during the incubation of Aβ 1-40 by ESR spectroscopy using N-tert-butyl--phenylnitrone (PBN), 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO), -(4-pyridyl-1-oxide)-N-tert-butylnitrone (POBN), and 3,5-dibromo-4-nitrosobenzenesulfonic acid sodium salt (DBNBS) as spin traps. Employing PBN, we observed spectra during the incubation of β-amyloid peptide, at 37°C, which included adducts of 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane (MNP), despite rigorous purification of the PBN before incubation. The formation of some of these adducts was found to be enhanced by ambient laboratory light. Our experiments have led us to propose a hypothesis that PBN undergoes hydrolysis and decomposition in the presence of oxidants, which explains the origin of all of the PBN and MNP adducts observed (even when the PBN is highly purified). Hydrogen peroxide, formed during incubation, could play a major role as an oxidant in these experiments. Of the other three spin traps, only DMPO gave (very weak) spectra, but these could be assigned to its hydroxyl radical adduct, formed as an artifact by the nucleophilic addition of water to DMPO, catalyzed by trace levels of iron ions. Thus, while spectra are observed during our experiments, none of them can be assigned to adducts of radicals derived from the peptide and, therefore, our data do not support the suggestion that radicals are spontaneously formed from β-amyloid peptide.",
keywords = "Alzheimer’s disease, β-amyloid, spin-trapping, free radicals, oxidative stress, ESR spectroscopy, hydrogen peroxide",
author = "Stuart Turnbull and Tabner, {Brian J.} and El-Agnaf, {Omar M. A.} and Twyman, {Lance J.} and David Allsop",
year = "2001",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/S0891-5849(01)00510-X",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1154--1162",
journal = "Free Radical Biology and Medicine",
issn = "0891-5849",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - New evidence that the Alzheimer β-amyloid peptide does not spontaneously form free radicals: An ESR study using a series of spin-traps.

AU - Turnbull, Stuart

AU - Tabner, Brian J.

AU - El-Agnaf, Omar M. A.

AU - Twyman, Lance J.

AU - Allsop, David

PY - 2001/5/15

Y1 - 2001/5/15

N2 - The direct formation of free radicals from Aβ has been suggested to be a key neurotoxic mechanism in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We have explored the possibility of the spontaneous formation of peptide-derived free radicals during the incubation of Aβ 1-40 by ESR spectroscopy using N-tert-butyl--phenylnitrone (PBN), 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO), -(4-pyridyl-1-oxide)-N-tert-butylnitrone (POBN), and 3,5-dibromo-4-nitrosobenzenesulfonic acid sodium salt (DBNBS) as spin traps. Employing PBN, we observed spectra during the incubation of β-amyloid peptide, at 37°C, which included adducts of 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane (MNP), despite rigorous purification of the PBN before incubation. The formation of some of these adducts was found to be enhanced by ambient laboratory light. Our experiments have led us to propose a hypothesis that PBN undergoes hydrolysis and decomposition in the presence of oxidants, which explains the origin of all of the PBN and MNP adducts observed (even when the PBN is highly purified). Hydrogen peroxide, formed during incubation, could play a major role as an oxidant in these experiments. Of the other three spin traps, only DMPO gave (very weak) spectra, but these could be assigned to its hydroxyl radical adduct, formed as an artifact by the nucleophilic addition of water to DMPO, catalyzed by trace levels of iron ions. Thus, while spectra are observed during our experiments, none of them can be assigned to adducts of radicals derived from the peptide and, therefore, our data do not support the suggestion that radicals are spontaneously formed from β-amyloid peptide.

AB - The direct formation of free radicals from Aβ has been suggested to be a key neurotoxic mechanism in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We have explored the possibility of the spontaneous formation of peptide-derived free radicals during the incubation of Aβ 1-40 by ESR spectroscopy using N-tert-butyl--phenylnitrone (PBN), 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO), -(4-pyridyl-1-oxide)-N-tert-butylnitrone (POBN), and 3,5-dibromo-4-nitrosobenzenesulfonic acid sodium salt (DBNBS) as spin traps. Employing PBN, we observed spectra during the incubation of β-amyloid peptide, at 37°C, which included adducts of 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane (MNP), despite rigorous purification of the PBN before incubation. The formation of some of these adducts was found to be enhanced by ambient laboratory light. Our experiments have led us to propose a hypothesis that PBN undergoes hydrolysis and decomposition in the presence of oxidants, which explains the origin of all of the PBN and MNP adducts observed (even when the PBN is highly purified). Hydrogen peroxide, formed during incubation, could play a major role as an oxidant in these experiments. Of the other three spin traps, only DMPO gave (very weak) spectra, but these could be assigned to its hydroxyl radical adduct, formed as an artifact by the nucleophilic addition of water to DMPO, catalyzed by trace levels of iron ions. Thus, while spectra are observed during our experiments, none of them can be assigned to adducts of radicals derived from the peptide and, therefore, our data do not support the suggestion that radicals are spontaneously formed from β-amyloid peptide.

KW - Alzheimer’s disease

KW - β-amyloid

KW - spin-trapping

KW - free radicals

KW - oxidative stress

KW - ESR spectroscopy

KW - hydrogen peroxide

U2 - 10.1016/S0891-5849(01)00510-X

DO - 10.1016/S0891-5849(01)00510-X

M3 - Journal article

VL - 30

SP - 1154

EP - 1162

JO - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

JF - Free Radical Biology and Medicine

SN - 0891-5849

IS - 10

ER -