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    Rights statement: © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Funded by SCOAP3.

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Non-bunch-Davis initial state reconciles chaotic models with BICEP and Planck

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2014
<mark>Journal</mark>Physics Letters B
Volume737
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)98-102
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The BICEP2 experiment has announced a signal for primordial gravity waves with tensor-to-scalar ratio $r=0.2^{+0.07}_{-0.05}$ [arXiv:1403.3985]. There are two ways to reconcile this result with the latest Planck experiment [arXiv:1303.5082]. One is by assuming that there is a considerable tilt of $r$, $\mathcal{T}_r$, with a positive sign, $\mathcal{T}_r=d\ln r/d\ln k\gtrsim 0.57^{+0.29}_{-0.27}$ corresponding to a blue tilt for the tensor modes of order $n_T\simeq0.53 ^{+0.29}_{-0.27}$, assuming the Planck experiment best-fit value for tilt of scalar power spectrum $n_S$. The other possibility is to assume that there is a negative running in the scalar spectral index, $dn_S/d\ln k\simeq -0.02$ which pushes up the upper bound on $r$ from $0.11$ up to $0.26$ in the Planck analysis assuming the existence of a tensor spectrum. Simple slow-roll models fail to provide such large values for $\mathcal{T}_r$ or negative runnings in $n_S$ [arXiv:1403.3985]. In this note we show that a non-Bunch-Davis initial state for perturbations can provide a match between large field chaotic models (like $m^2\phi^2$) with the latest Planck result [arXiv:1306.4914] and BICEP2 results by accommodating either the blue tilt of $r$ or the negative large running of $n_S$.

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© 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Funded by SCOAP3.