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  • Yamazaki et al_2015

    Rights statement: ©2014. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density: IMF BY effect

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North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density : IMF BY effect. / Yamazaki, Yosuke; Kosch, Michael; Sutton, Eric.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, No. 2, 28.01.2015, p. 225-232.

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Yamazaki, Yosuke ; Kosch, Michael ; Sutton, Eric. / North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density : IMF BY effect. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 225-232.

Bibtex

@article{9d132004bf9a44c8b1af6ecdfe7016a5,
title = "North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density: IMF BY effect",
abstract = "Previous studies have established that the y component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF By) plays a role in the north-south asymmetry of the high-latitude plasma convection and wind. The effect of the positive/negative IMF By in the Northern Hemisphere resembles the effect that the negative/positive IMF By would have in the Southern Hemisphere. In this study, we demonstrate that the IMF By effect can also contribute to the hemispheric asymmetry of the thermospheric density. We use high-accuracy air drag measurements from the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite and SuperMAG AE index during the period 2001–2006 to examine the response of the high-latitude thermospheric density to geomagnetic activity. Our statistical analysis reveals that the density response at 400 km is greater in the Southern Hemisphere under positive IMF By conditions, and greater in the Northern Hemisphere under negative IMF By conditions. The results suggest that the IMF By effect needs to be taken into account in upper atmospheric modeling for an accurate description of high-latitude densities during periods of enhanced geomagnetic activity.",
author = "Yosuke Yamazaki and Michael Kosch and Eric Sutton",
note = "{\textcopyright}2014. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. ",
year = "2015",
month = jan
day = "28",
doi = "10.1002/2014GL062748",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "225--232",
journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
issn = "0094-8276",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons, Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density

T2 - IMF BY effect

AU - Yamazaki, Yosuke

AU - Kosch, Michael

AU - Sutton, Eric

N1 - ©2014. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

PY - 2015/1/28

Y1 - 2015/1/28

N2 - Previous studies have established that the y component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF By) plays a role in the north-south asymmetry of the high-latitude plasma convection and wind. The effect of the positive/negative IMF By in the Northern Hemisphere resembles the effect that the negative/positive IMF By would have in the Southern Hemisphere. In this study, we demonstrate that the IMF By effect can also contribute to the hemispheric asymmetry of the thermospheric density. We use high-accuracy air drag measurements from the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite and SuperMAG AE index during the period 2001–2006 to examine the response of the high-latitude thermospheric density to geomagnetic activity. Our statistical analysis reveals that the density response at 400 km is greater in the Southern Hemisphere under positive IMF By conditions, and greater in the Northern Hemisphere under negative IMF By conditions. The results suggest that the IMF By effect needs to be taken into account in upper atmospheric modeling for an accurate description of high-latitude densities during periods of enhanced geomagnetic activity.

AB - Previous studies have established that the y component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF By) plays a role in the north-south asymmetry of the high-latitude plasma convection and wind. The effect of the positive/negative IMF By in the Northern Hemisphere resembles the effect that the negative/positive IMF By would have in the Southern Hemisphere. In this study, we demonstrate that the IMF By effect can also contribute to the hemispheric asymmetry of the thermospheric density. We use high-accuracy air drag measurements from the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite and SuperMAG AE index during the period 2001–2006 to examine the response of the high-latitude thermospheric density to geomagnetic activity. Our statistical analysis reveals that the density response at 400 km is greater in the Southern Hemisphere under positive IMF By conditions, and greater in the Northern Hemisphere under negative IMF By conditions. The results suggest that the IMF By effect needs to be taken into account in upper atmospheric modeling for an accurate description of high-latitude densities during periods of enhanced geomagnetic activity.

U2 - 10.1002/2014GL062748

DO - 10.1002/2014GL062748

M3 - Journal article

VL - 42

SP - 225

EP - 232

JO - Geophysical Research Letters

JF - Geophysical Research Letters

SN - 0094-8276

IS - 2

ER -