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Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger

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  • LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration
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Article number061102
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/02/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical review letters
Issue number6
Volume116
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0 × 10−21. It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. The signal was observed with a matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 24 and a
false alarm rate estimated to be less than 1 event per 203 000 years, equivalent to a significance greater than 5.1σ. The source lies at a luminosity distance of 410þ160−180 Mpc corresponding to a redshift z ¼ 0.09þ0.03 −0.04 .
In the source frame, the initial black hole masses are 36þ5 −4M⊙ and 29þ4
−4M⊙, and the final black hole mass is 62þ4 −4M⊙, with 3.0þ0.5 −0.5M⊙c2 radiated in gravitational waves. All uncertainties define 90% credible intervals.
These observations demonstrate the existence of binary stellar-mass black hole systems. This is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and the first observation of a binary black hole merger.