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On the applicability of the standard kinetic theory to the study of nanoplasmas

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On the applicability of the standard kinetic theory to the study of nanoplasmas. / D'Angola, A.; Boella, E.; Coppa, G.

In: Physics of Plasmas, 2014.

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@article{d5380f510a6b47a8ac0aa41274f8cf8a,
title = "On the applicability of the standard kinetic theory to the study of nanoplasmas",
abstract = "Kinetic theory applies to systems with a large number of particles, while nanoplasma generated by the interaction of ultra–short laser pulses with atomic clusters are systems composed by a relatively small number (102 ÷ 104) of electrons and ions. In the paper, the applicability of the kinetic theory for studying nanoplasmas is discussed. In particular, two typical phenomena are investigated: the collisionless expansion of electrons in a spherical nanoplasma with immobile ions and the formation of shock shells during Coulomb explosions. The analysis, which is carried out comparing ensemble averages obtained by solving the exact equations of motion with reference solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson model, shows that for the dynamics of the electrons the error of the usually employed models is of the order of few percents (but the standard deviation in a single experiment can be of the order of 10%). Instead, special care must be taken in the study of shock formation, as the discrete structure of the electric charge can destroy or strongly modify the phenomenon.",
author = "A. D'Angola and E. Boella and G. Coppa",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1063/1.4894109",
language = "English",
journal = "Physics of Plasmas",
issn = "1070-664X",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the applicability of the standard kinetic theory to the study of nanoplasmas

AU - D'Angola, A.

AU - Boella, E.

AU - Coppa, G.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Kinetic theory applies to systems with a large number of particles, while nanoplasma generated by the interaction of ultra–short laser pulses with atomic clusters are systems composed by a relatively small number (102 ÷ 104) of electrons and ions. In the paper, the applicability of the kinetic theory for studying nanoplasmas is discussed. In particular, two typical phenomena are investigated: the collisionless expansion of electrons in a spherical nanoplasma with immobile ions and the formation of shock shells during Coulomb explosions. The analysis, which is carried out comparing ensemble averages obtained by solving the exact equations of motion with reference solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson model, shows that for the dynamics of the electrons the error of the usually employed models is of the order of few percents (but the standard deviation in a single experiment can be of the order of 10%). Instead, special care must be taken in the study of shock formation, as the discrete structure of the electric charge can destroy or strongly modify the phenomenon.

AB - Kinetic theory applies to systems with a large number of particles, while nanoplasma generated by the interaction of ultra–short laser pulses with atomic clusters are systems composed by a relatively small number (102 ÷ 104) of electrons and ions. In the paper, the applicability of the kinetic theory for studying nanoplasmas is discussed. In particular, two typical phenomena are investigated: the collisionless expansion of electrons in a spherical nanoplasma with immobile ions and the formation of shock shells during Coulomb explosions. The analysis, which is carried out comparing ensemble averages obtained by solving the exact equations of motion with reference solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson model, shows that for the dynamics of the electrons the error of the usually employed models is of the order of few percents (but the standard deviation in a single experiment can be of the order of 10%). Instead, special care must be taken in the study of shock formation, as the discrete structure of the electric charge can destroy or strongly modify the phenomenon.

U2 - 10.1063/1.4894109

DO - 10.1063/1.4894109

M3 - Journal article

JO - Physics of Plasmas

JF - Physics of Plasmas

SN - 1070-664X

M1 - 082116

ER -