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On the approach to criticality of a vibrating, macroscopic object in superfluid 3HeB

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date08/1990
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Journal number1
Volume165-166
Number of pages2
Pages653-654
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

An intuitive picture of pair breaking by a vibrating wire is developed, which makes dear how quasi-particles can escape from the wire at critical velocities the Landau critical velocity νL. Assuming strong gap suppression at the wire surface, a critical velocity of is obtained, for ideal dipole flow around a wire of circular cross-section. In addition, a further transition to enhanced quasi-particle emission is predicted to occur at a velocity More generally, for non-dipole flow, and where at αl characterizes the local superflow near the surface of the wire.