12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Positive consequences of false memories
View graph of relations

« Back

Positive consequences of false memories

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date09/2013
JournalBehavioral Sciences and the Law
Journal number5
Volume31
Number of pages14
Pages652-665
Early online date11/07/13
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Previous research is replete with examples of the negative consequences of false memories. In the current research, we provide a different perspective on false memories and their development and demonstrate that false memories can have positive consequences. Specifically, we examined the role false memories play in subsequent problem-solving tasks. Children and adults studied and recalled neutral or survival-relevant lists of associated words.
They then solved age-normed compound remote associates, some of whose solutions had been primed by false memories created when studying the previous lists. The results showed that regardless of age: (a) survival-related words were not only better recollected but were also more susceptible than neutral words to false memory illusions and (b) survival-related false
memories were better than neutral false memories as primes for problem solving. These findings are discussed in the context of recent speculation concerning the positive consequences of false memories, and the adaptive nature of reconstructive memory.