Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Predicting farm-level animal populations using ...

Electronic data

  • 1-s2.0-S0167587716304810-main

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Preventive Veterinary Medicine . Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 145, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.07.005

    Accepted author manuscript, 2.35 MB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

  • Modeling domestic animal populations_03032016_cpj

    557 KB, Word document

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Predicting farm-level animal populations using environmental and socioeconomic variables

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
  • Mary van Andel
  • Christopher Parry Jewell
  • Joanna McKenzie
  • Tracey Hollings
  • Andrew Robinson
  • Mark Burgman
  • Paul Bingham
  • Tim Carpenter
Close
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>15/09/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume145
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)121-132
Publication statusPublished
Early online date16/07/17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Accurate information on the geographic distribution of domestic animal populations helps biosecurity authorities to efficiently prepare for and rapidly eradicate exotic diseases, such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD). Developing and maintaining sufficiently high-quality data resources is expensive and time consuming. Statistical modelling of population density and distribution has only begun to be applied to farm animal populations, although it is commonly used in wildlife ecology. We developed zero-inflated Poisson regression models in a Bayesian framework using environmental and socioeconomic variables to predict the counts of livestock units (LSUs) and of cattle on spatially referenced farm polygons in a commercially available New Zealand farm database, Agribase. Farm-level counts of cattle and of LSUs varied considerably by region, because of the heterogeneous farming landscape in New Zealand. The amount of high quality pasture per farm was significantly associated with the presence of both cattle and LSUs. Internal model validation (predictive performance) showed that the models were able to predict the count of the animal population on groups of farms that were located in randomly selected 3 km zones with a high level of accuracy. Predicting cattle or LSU counts on individual farms was less accurate. Predicted counts were statistically significantly more variable for farms that were contract grazing dry stock, such as replacement dairy heifers and dairy cattle not currently producing milk, compared with other farm types. This analysis presents a way to predict numbers of LSUs and cattle for farms using environmental and socio-economic data. The technique has the potential to be extrapolated to predicting other pastoral based livestock species.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Preventive Veterinary Medicine . Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 145, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.07.005