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  • Constipation Prevalence Manuscript JIDD R1 Pure

    Rights statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 43, 4, on 2018, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/13668250.2017.1310829

    Accepted author manuscript, 514 KB, PDF-document

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Prevalence of constipation in people with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
Issue number4
Volume43
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)392-406
Publication statusPublished
Early online date25/05/17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background.
Constipation can lead to serious health issues and death. This systematic review summarises international research pertaining to the prevalence of constipation in people with intellectual disability.

Method.
Studies published from 1990 to January 2016 were identified using Medline,
Cinahl, PsycINFO, Web of Science, email requests, and cross-citations. Studies were reviewed narratively.

Results.
31 studies were identified. Constipation rates of 50% or more were reported in 14 studies; 21 studies reported rates over 33%. Based on the most representative study, over 25% of people with intellectual disability received a repeat prescription for laxatives in one year, compared to 0.1% of people without intellectual disability. Constipation was more common in those with cerebral palsy and profound intellectual disability, and associated with immobility but not age.

Conclusion.
Constipation is a significant issue for people with intellectual disability across the life course and should be actively considered as a diagnosis in this population.

Bibliographic note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 43, 4, on 2018, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/13668250.2017.1310829