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    Rights statement: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab32e7

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Radio Spectra and Sizes of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array-identified Submillimeter Galaxies: Evidence of Age-related Spectral Curvature and Cosmic-Ray Diffusion?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • A. P. Thomson
  • Ian Smail
  • A. M. Swinbank
  • J. M. Simpson
  • V. Arumugam
  • S. Stach
  • E. J. Murphy
  • W. Rujopakarn
  • O. Almaini
  • F. An
  • A. W. Blain
  • C. C. Chen
  • E. A. Cooke
  • U. Dudzevičiūtė
  • A. C. Edge
  • D. Farrah
  • B. Gullberg
  • W. Hartley
  • E. Ibar
  • D. Maltby
  • M. J. Michałowski
  • C. Simpson
  • P. van der Werf
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Article number204
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/10/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>The Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Volume883
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We analyze the multifrequency radio spectral properties of 41 6GHz-detected Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array(ALMA)-identified, submillimeter galaxies (SMGs), observed at 610 MHz,1.4 GHz, and 6 GHz with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope and the VeryLarge Array. Combining high-resolution (∼0.″5) 6 GHz radio andALMA 870 μm imaging (tracing rest frame ∼20 GHz, and ∼250μm dust continuum), we study the far-infrared/radio correlation viathe logarithmic flux ratio q IR, measuring <{q}IR}> =2.20+/- 0.06 for our sample. We show that thehigh-frequency radio sizes of SMGs are ∼1.9 ± 0.4×(∼2–3 kpc) larger than those of the cool dust emission, andfind evidence for a subset of our sources being extended on ∼10 kpcscales at 1.4 GHz. By combining radio flux densities measured at threefrequencies, we can move beyond simple linear fits to the radio spectraof high-redshift star-forming galaxies, and search for spectralcurvature, which has been observed in local starburst galaxies. At leasta quarter (10/41) of our sample shows evidence of a spectral break, witha median <{α }610 {GHz}1.4 {GHz}>=-0.60+/- 0.06, but <{α }1.4 {GHz}6{GHz}> =-1.06+/- 0.04—a high-frequency flux deficitrelative to simple extrapolations from the low-frequency data. Weexplore this result within this subset of sources in the context ofage-related synchrotron losses, showing that a combination of weakmagnetic fields (B ∼ 35 μG) and young ages (t SB ∼40–80 Myr) for the central starburst can reproduce the observedspectral break. Assuming these represent evolved (but ongoing)starbursts, and we are observing these systems roughly halfway throughtheir current episode of star formation, this implies starburstdurations of ≲100 Myr, in reasonable agreement with estimatesderived via gas depletion timescales.

Bibliographic note

This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab32e7